There are many types of succulent plants that come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes for your indoor decor or cactus garden.
Everyone knows about the famous Aloe Vera plant, but there are so many other types of succulents.
In this post, we cover various types of succulents you can grow indoors as houseplants or outdoors in your garden and landscaping.
Succulents and Cactus plants by Category
by Succulent Genus
by Cactus Genus
by Color, Size or Shape
For details on individual succulents, scroll down to find a directory of more than 60 succulent varieties, with pictures, facts, and care information about each specific type.
Types of Succulent Plants
Below you’ll find a list of the different succulent plant representative species with pictures.
Also, we’ve provided basic instructions on how to care for the type of succulent you have.
Table of Contents
- 1 Succulents and Cactus plants by Category
- 2 Types of Succulent Plants
- 3 Aloe Vera & Other Types of Aloe Plants
- 4 Adromischus Succulents
- 5 Aichryson Succulents
- 6 Aeonium Succulents
- 7 Adenium Succulents
- 8 Beaucarnea Succulents
- 9 Ceropegia Succulents
- 10 Cotyledon Succulents
- 11 Crassula Succulents
- 12 Cylindropuntia Cactus
- 13 Delosperma Succulents
- 14 Drosanthemum Succulents
- 15 Echeveria Succulents
- 16 Euphorbia Succulents
- 17 Faucaria Succulents
- 18 Fenestraria Succulents
- 19 Gasteria Succulents
- 20 Graptopetalum Succulents
- 21 Graptosedum Succulents
- 22 Graptoveria Succulents
- 23 Hatiora Cactus
- 24 Haworthia Succulents
- 25 Hoya Succulents
- 26 Hylotelephium Succulents
- 27 Kalanchoe Succulent Types
- 28 Lithops Succulents
- 29 Mammillaria Cactus Plants
- 30 Opuntia Cactus Plants
- 31 Pachyphytum Succulents
- 32 Pachyveria Succulents
- 33 Peperomia Succulents
- 34 Plectranthus Succulents
- 35 Pleiospilos Succulents
- 36 Sansevieria Plants
- 37 Portulacaria Afra (Elephant Bush Plants)
- 38 Schlumbergera Cactus
- 39 Sedum Succulents
- 40 Sempervivum Succulents
- 41 Senecio Succulents
- 42 Yucca Plants
- 43 Conclusions
- 44 Other Types of Plants And Soils
- 45 References
Aloe Vera & Other Types of Aloe Plants
It is obvious that we are all familiar with the Aloe Vera plant (its botanical name is Aloe barbadensis miller) and its many health benefits; however, did you know that there are more than 300 types of aloe plants but only a few of them are known to have therapeutic benefits?
See below for some more aloe plants that you can grow in and around your home, or you can visit our list of different types of aloe plants.
Aromischus is a genus of leaf succulents found mainly in southern Africa. Its name derives from ancient Greek words ‘adros’ and ‘mischos’ which means ‘thick’ and ‘stem’. Aromischus succulents belong to the family Crassulaceae.
Aichryson is a type of succulent genus of approximately 15 species of small, sensitive succulent plants and subshrubs, of which ten species are indigenous to the Canary Islands and the remaining species are native to the Azores, Madeira, and Morocco. They are related to the Canary Island genera Aeonium and Monanthes, which also have yellow flowers with a lot of petals.
The succulent genus Aeonium, also commonly known as the tree houseleeks, has about 35 or so species of succulents. These subtropical plants of the family Crassulaceae, many of which are super popular to succulent lovers. The name Aeonium derives from the ancient Greek word ‘aionios’ which means ‘age enduring’.
For more information on Aeonium succulents, take a look at our list of different types of Aeonium succulents or below, or a small sample of the most popular Aeonium succulents.
The Adenium desert rose is an excellent plant for beginning gardeners. Originally from East Africa and the Middle East, they have a variety of bloom colors. The plants make excellent patio plants and indoor plants.
Adenium flowers are admired for their color and their thick caudices, which make them unusual. They can be grown for many years in a pot and are commonly used for bonsai.
See below for a small sample of the most popular Adenium plants. Or, read further for more types of Adenium succulents.
The flowering plant genus Beaucarnea is native to Mexico and Central America. It belongs to the Asparagaceae family. Beaucarnea is sometimes classified as a member of the Nolina genus, but more study indicates that it should be classified separately.
Native to dry parts of Central America, the Beaucarnea recurvata, sometimes known as the Ponytail Palm, is not a palm but an Asparagaceae succulent plant. It is the most popular Beaucarnea plant by a wide margin. This evergreen plant’s narrow, palm-like leaves arise from a bulbous, grey trunk, earning it common plant names of “bottle palm” or “elephant foot’s plant.”
There are many different types of Ceropegia varieties, with a wide range of colors, shapes, and sizes. One of the more common varieties is the Ceropegia woodii, also known as the String of Hearts plant.
Read our related post on other types of Ceropegia succulents.
Known as Cotyledon succulents, they are a genus of ten species of perennial shrubby leaf and stem succulents native to South Africa, with a large number of cultivars and variants.
The most common cotyledon species is the Cotyledon tomentosa, commonly known as the Bear’s Paw plant.
For more information on cotyledon plants, take a look at our list of different types of cotyledon succulents.
As one of the largest genera of succulent plants, the Crassula genus contains around 200 species, including the ever-popular jade plant.
Crassula succulents are grown around the world, but nearly all cultivated varieties originate almost exclusively from the Eastern Cape of South Africa.
By far the most common and well-known crassula succulent is the Jade Plant. However, there are many other crassula types of succulents.
For more information on other Crassula plants, take a look at our list of different types of Crassula succulents.
Cylindropuntia cacti are also called Cholla cacti. These cacti are native to the southern US, Mexico, and the West Indies. Opuntia species have flattened stems, while Cylindropuntia species have cylindrical stems. Cylindropuntia species have segmented, jointed stems. These cacti have wicked spines. The Cholla cactus has tubular outgrowths. This shrub has greenish-yellow spring flowers. Its spines “jump” on passing people. This is how cholla spreads. These spines have a papery coating that may fall off over time. Learn more in our related post about cylindropuntia cactus plants.
Delosperma, also known as ice plants, is a genus of succulents with many different species. Some are better suited to outdoor gardening, while others make excellent houseplants. They vary in size, shape, and color, making them a popular choice for landscaping or home decor.
Most delospermas need full sun to thrive and produce their brightly colored blooms. They are known to have vibrant blooms that look like daisy flowers and are in various shades like pink, purple, and white that contrast well against the dark green foliage. They can be used as ground cover or planted in rock gardens. Some varieties grow well in containers and make good houseplants. They require very little care and are drought-tolerant.
Drosanthemum is a genus of succulent plants in the Ice Plant Family. It is native to the winter-rainfall regions of southern Africa. It is a low-growing succulent with short, meaty, light-green leaves. They are renowned for their daisy-like flowers that bloom in a variety of captivating colors. They are open in warm weather and closed in cold weather. This succulent perennial is resistant to heat, drought, and salt and looks fantastic in rock gardens and pots.
Native to remote mountainous areas, echeveria succulents grow above 1,000 feet in elevation.
Typically found in semi-desert regions of Central America, Mexico, and Northwestern South America, Echeveria succulents are a large species of flowering plants and belong to the Crassulaceae family.
Echeveria succulents have been cross-bred with over a thousand other species to produce thousands of different cultivars.
Keep reading below for some popular Echeveria succulents, also if you want even more, please see our article on different types of Echeveria succulents.
The Euphorbia succulent genus, commonly called spurge, is one of the largest and most diverse genera of flowering plants. Euphorbia can refer collectively to all Euphorbiaceae species, not just those in the genus.
Plants like Euphorbia grow easily, are tough, and have few pest problems. Euphorbias are known for their brightly colored leaves and unusual flowers, making them ideal for borders, rock gardens, and meadows.
Regardless of the USDA hardiness zone in which you live, you’re sure to find a variety that thrives in your garden.
See below for some more Euphorbia plants that you can grow in and around your home or you can visit our list of different types of Euphorbia plants.
The genus Faucaria includes over 30 species of flowering succulents in the family Aizoaceae. As the leaves resemble teeth, Faucaria comes from the Latin Fauces meaning ‘teeth’.
Faucaria species are native to the Karoo Desert and the Cape Province of South Africa. Leaf margins have rows of teeth that curve inward in this genus and have triangular, mottled leaves.
Many species in this genus bloom flowers such as yellow, pink, and even white. Faucaria plants have been cultivated in Europe for more than a century.
There are many species of these plants that bloom in the summer. Some species, such as the widely popular Faucaria Tigrina, are pretty hardy, while others are susceptible to stem rot.
Fenestraria is a genus of succulent plants found in southeastern Namibia and South Africa. They form mats or small clumps of woody stems with smooth leaves; generally, only the topmost portion of the leaves is exposed in the wild, as they are flat-topped and windowed. These plants possess thick, fleshy roots.
The most popular Fenestraria succulent is commonly known as the Baby Toes succulent. Read more about them below.
Gasteria is a genus of aloe-like succulents. Often called “ox tongue” because of its long leaves and rough texture. Gasteria leaves also exhibit interesting patterns and colors depending on the species. Further, mature Gasteria plants typically produce tubular, curved flowers in the winter to spring.
It originated in South Africa, where it can grow in light shade. This makes the plant suitable as an indoor plant, as it tolerates lower light conditions. Generally, you can start them as houseplants at any time during the year. As a plant, Gasteria grows slowly and stays compact.
Below are some popular Gasteria plants, but read further in our post on different types of Gasteria succulent plants you can grow at home.
Graptopetalum succulents are a genus that includes a dozen species found in the Southwestern US and Mexico. The Graptopetalum name derives from the Greek words ‘grapto‘, meaning marked, and ‘petalum‘ meaning leaf – this is from the fact that the petals are speckled. Graptopetalum paraguayense (most well-known as the Ghost Plant) is by far the most popular species that is grown as a houseplant or in the garden.
Some of the most popular types of succulents are graptosedum succulents. These plants are hybrids, which means they are a cross between two different species of graptopetalum and sedum succulents.
There are many different types of graptosedum succulents, and new hybrids are being created all the time. Some of the more popular varieties include Alpenglow, California Sunset, and Darley Sunshine. Graptosedum succulents are easy to care for and make great houseplants.
Want more ideas and how to care for graptosedum succulents? Read our related post on the various types of graptosedum succulents you can grow.
Graptoveria is a hybrid plant that was created by crossing Echeveria and Graptopetalum succulents.
Graptoveria is a lovely succulent plant species that are small and colorful. ‘Fred Ives,” “Debbi,” and “Fanfare” are some of the most popular forms of Graptoveria.
The majority have a compact rosette that is 6 to 8 inches (15-20 cm) wide. Some, like the popular “Moonglow,” can grow to be 10 inches (25 cm) wide.
Finally, although they resemble Graptosedum succulents, however, they are a completely different type of succulent plant.
We have a couple of examples of common Graptoveria plants, but for more of a comprehensive list, take a look at our related post on various types of Graptoveria succulents.
The Hatiora cactus is a great plant to add to your indoor or outdoor space if you want something fun and different. The most common Hatiora cactus is called the “dancing bones cactus,” which gets its name from the long, thin stems that look like human bones. There are many different kinds of Hatiora cacti, so you’re sure to find one that fits your style. There is a Hatiora cactus for everyone, whether you want a small plant for your windowsill or a big one for your garden.
Haworthia succulents are a genus of plants indigenous to Southern Africa. They are part of the Asphodeloideae subfamily, like aloes, and resemble small aloes except for their blossoms, which have a unique look. Furthermore, they are low-growing plants that bloom with rosettes of mushy green leaves with white pearly warts or bands that give them a characteristic look. They’re grown in outdoor gardens and as houseplants. They are usually grouped together under the common name Haworthia, while various species may have different names.
For more information about Haworthia plants, check out our post on different types of Haworthia succulents.
Hoya plant, also known as Wax plant, Wax flower, and Wax vine, is a lovely genus with 200 to 300 unique varieties. This genus consists of plants native to tropical climates. Their glossy leaves and porcelain-like blooms lend a classic appearance to these species. This plant is also known as the “porcelain plant” because of the porcelain blossoms. Some of these evergreen perennials grow epiphytically on trees, while others thrive in rocky or typical terrestrial environments. Many of these species are vines that climb up other trees or structures with the help of their root system.
For more information about Hoya plants, check out our post on the different types of hoya succulents.
Succulents called Hylotelephium, which used to be called Sedum, are a type of stonecrop. There are many kinds of hylotelephium, and they come in many different sizes and colors.
The Spectabile, Telephium, and Sieboldii are some of the more common species of hylotelephium. These succulents are easy to take care of and can be grown both inside and outside.
They like full sun, but they can also live in some shade. Hylotelephium succulents can handle drought and can grow well in poor soil. Hylotelephium is a group of flowering plants in the family Crassulaceae, which includes stonecrops.
It is made up of more than 30 species from Asia, Europe, and North America. To spread the plant, just cut off a piece from a healthy plant and let it harden before planting it in soil that drains well. These plants would look great in any garden!
Kalanchoe Succulent Types
Kalanchoe succulents are a genus of roughly 125 tropical, succulent plants in the Crassulaceae stonecrop family. They are native to Madagascar and tropical Africa. Kalanchoes are succulent plants known for their small, brightly colored blossoms. Some of the most well-known Kalanchoe plants are blossfeldiana, commonly known as Flaming Katy, Panda plant, or widow’s thrill, and Mother of thousands. Some species have brilliantly colored blossoms in various colors, such as red, magenta, yellow, orange, and white.
For more information about Kalanchoe plants, check out our post on the different types of Kalanchoe succulents.
Lithops, also known as “living stones” or “ice plant succulents”, are a type of succulents native to Africa. There are over 40 different species of lithops, and they come in a wide variety of colors and patterns. Lithops are easy to care for and make great houseplants. They prefer full sun but can tolerate partial shade and need well-drained soil. Water only when the soil is completely dry, and be sure to use a pot with drainage holes. If you’re looking for a low-maintenance plant that’s sure to add interest to your home, consider lithops!
Mammillaria Cactus Plants
There are several hundred species and varieties of cactus in the Mammillaria genus. Some Mammillaria succulents are native to Mexico, but others are from various areas in Central and South America. The “pincushion cactus” is probably the most famous Mammillaria succulent that people grow.
For more information on mammillaria plants, read about the different types of mammillaria plants.
Opuntia Cactus Plants
There are a great number of distinct species of Opuntia cactus, each of which can be found in a range of sizes and shapes. Cacti belonging to the genus Opuntia can have pads that are either long and flat or short and spherical. There are many different kinds of Opuntia cactus, and you may find them in dry, warm areas all around the world. Cacti come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, and the Opuntia genus is no exception to this rule.
Cacti of the genus Opuntia are not only stunning in appearance, but they also have a wide range of practical uses. Some species of Opuntia cactus have fruit that is edible and has a flavor that is somewhere between sweet and sour. Additionally, the pads of certain species of Opuntia cactus can be prepared in a culinary setting and consumed.
For more information on Opuntia succulent plants, read about the different types of opuntia plants.
Pachyphytum succulents are native to Mexico and come in a variety of types. Pachyphytum succulents are perennial succulent plants that have thick, fleshy leaves and beautiful rosettes. Because of the shape of their leaves, their names derive from the ancient Greek words pachys and phyton, meaning thick and plant, respectively. They are very easy to care for and make great houseplants.
Pachyveria succulents are a type of cross-bred between Pachyphytum and Echeveria. These hybrids have been bred to be more heat and drought-tolerant than their parent species. Pachyveria is generally a low-growing, rosette-forming plant with thick, fleshy leaves. The leaves are often variegated or have colorful margins.
Peperomia is one of the two major genera in the Piperaceae family. Native to Central America and northern South America, the majority of them are tiny, compact perennial epiphytes that grow on decaying wood. There are over 1,000 different types of species, all of which have thick, meaty leaves that contribute to their drought tolerance and vitality. If you haven’t had much luck with flowering houseplants, the Peperomia succulents are definitely a plant to grow. Some varieties come in red, green, gray, or purple leaves and can be rough or smooth, variegated, marbled, solid, or heart-shaped.
If you already own some, here are some related articles that we think you would be interested in:
- Peperomia (Radiator Plant) Plant Care
- Propagating Peperomia Plants: How to Make More
- Various Types of Peperomia Plants
Below is a quick background of some common peperomia succulents.
Plectranthus succulents are ground-creeping, little succulents. They bear small, thick, lime-green leaves on their stems. Native to South Africa, Plectranthus succulents thrive in warm, dry climates. They are drought-tolerant and can thrive without water for extended periods of time. Nevertheless, they will benefit from periodic irrigation during the growing season. Plectranthus succulents make wonderful houseplants. They are simple to maintain and require little upkeep. These plants can thrive in low light levels as well as direct sunlight. The ‘Vicks’ plant is one of the more popular plectranthus succulents. Its smell can clear our sinuses and relieve congestion in our respiratory tracts.
Pleiospilos succulents are a small form of flowering succulent. They feature two to four opposed, stony-appearing, grey-green fleshy leaves that are split down the middle. These plants are indigenous to South Africa and flourish in hot, dry environments. To blossom, Pleiospilos succulents demand well-drained soil and plenty of sunlight, despite their relative ease of maintenance. These interesting plants will produce stunning yellow or white flowers with adequate care.
The Snake Plant, or Sansevieria, is a tropical flowering plant that is considered a semi-succulent plant. The most common varieties are the Mothers-in-law or Bowstring Hemp plant. Interestingly, the names given to this plant make perfect sense as the leaves look like snakes coming out of the ground. Depending on the type, the leaves of this plant are normally green and marked with various patterns.
For more information about Sanseveria plants, check out our post on a complete list of different types of snake plants.
Some common snake plants include:
Portulacaria Afra (Elephant Bush Plants)
Portulacaria afra is native to South Africa. Other names for this plant include elephant bush, dwarf jade plant, porkbush, purslane tree, and spekboom. The stems of these succulents are typically a reddish color while their leaves are green, but variegated versions also exist. They require little attention and make excellent houseplants if you keep them in a bright room. They can be used to landscape outdoor areas where frost won’t be a problem.
For more information about Portulacaria afra plants, check out our post on different types of Portulacaria afra succulents.
Schlumbergera is a tiny genus of jungle cactus that is native to the coastal mountains of South America. This cactus species is fairly hardy as they thrive on trees or rocks in settings that are often shaded and damp, and they can look quite different from common cactus.
Schlumbergera succulents are named after the famed cactus breeder Frédéric Schlumberger. There are about six to nine species, and have large, bell-shaped flowers throughout the Christmas and holiday season.
Sedum succulents are a vast genus of flowering plants in the Crassulaceae family. The genus has over 400 species. Sedum succulents are often known as “stonecrop”. They’re resilient, simple to maintain and come in a wide range of types and species. They are suited for any indoor or outdoor garden.
For more information about sedum plants, check out our post on the different types of Sedum succulents.
Sempervivum is a genus of roughly 40 flowering plants in the Crassulaceae family. They are usually known as houseleeks, hens, and chicks. Sempervivum means “always alive,” referring to the ability of houseleeks to withstand high temperatures and drought as they are native to rocky habitats and mountain ranges. Because of their durability, sempervivums make great, low-maintenance garden plants. Sempervivums are prized for their unusual rosettes of succulent, spirally patterned leaves, but they also produce lovely blooms in the spring through summer. Each rosette is a distinct plant—each blossom once and then dies, but another grows in its place from other rosettes known as offsets.
For more information about sempervivum plants, check out our post on different types of sempervivum succulents.
Senecio succulents are a daisy-family flowering plant genus that includes ragworts and groundsels. Senecio is one of the biggest genera of flowering plants, with many classifications. Flowers in the genus Senecio are daisy-like and yellow, with red-orange puffs. The colors of Senecio plant leaves range from blue, green, pale, and sometimes white to purplish pink.
For more information on other Senecio succulents, take a look at our post on the different types of Senecio succulents.
Yucca plants are a genus of evergreen shrubs and trees belonging to the Asparagaceae family and the Agavoideae subfamily. 40–50 species are known for their evergreen rosettes, robust, sword-like foliage, and enormous panicles of white or whitish flowers at the end of their stems. They are native to areas in the Americas and the Caribbean, where they thrive in hot, dry climates. Yuccas are slow-growing plants that require little care to thrive. Their resilience is both a benefit and a drawback, since once the Yucca plant has matured, they are difficult to eradicate, and bigger clumping varieties may eventually encroach and overtake existing plants.
For more information on other Yucca plants, take a look at our post on the different types of Yucca plants.
Succulents are an excellent plant for those with a green thumb, those who don’t, those who are starting to learn, and everyone in between.
These types of succulent plants are a beautiful addition to your home or office.
Succulents are pretty easy to take care of as long as you remember a few simple things.
Succulents don’t need a lot of water and should be planted in porous pots.
They need soil with excellent drainage and succulent soil made, especially for them.
Some succulents can handle cold weather, while others can’t. Some want bright light all the time, while others don’t.
One of the most important things for you to do for your succulent is to make sure you pay attention to it and see what it wants.
Other Types of Plants And Soils
If you are looking for other types of plants to grow in your home or garden, check out our other sections on:
- Vegetables and Herbs
- Landscaping Plants
- Flowering Plants
- Soil and Fertilizer to Use in Gardening
Lindsey Hyland grew up in Arizona where she studied at the University of Arizona’s Controlled Environment Agriculture Center. She continued her gardening education by working on organic farms in both rural and urban settings. She started UrbanOrganicYield.com to share gardening tips and tactics. She’s happy to talk about succulents and houseplants or vegetables and herbs – or just about anything in a backyard garden or hydroponics garden.