67 different types of succulents and cactus (with pictures) And Care and Growing Tips

Succulents, the easiest plants to keep alive; they are the “forget me and I will get stronger” type of the plant world.

For the most part, they love the light and can survive without being watered for longer periods of time. There are many different types of succulent plants, which come in a wide variety shapes and sizes for for Your Indoor Decor, or Cactus Garden

However, all succulents have similar characteristics that they share, such as that they store their water, which makes them drought resistant.

Succulent is derived from the word sucus, which means juice or sap; and succulents store their water their roots, stems and/or leaves. Also, succulents need special soil to help them thrive.  

We have compiled a list of different types of succulents and cactus with their common names and pictures to help you to identify what kind of succulent do you have and how to grow them to make your succulents thrive.

Succulent Identification Chart - find your unknown plant here

Aloe vera "Medicinal Aloe"

  • Order: Asparagles Family: Asphodelaceae Subfamily: Asphodeloideae Genus: Aloe
  • Native: Mediterranean, North Africa, South America and Caribbean

Aloe Vera is a short-stemmed aloe shrub. It has erect, greyish-green leaves with white specks, that have little spikes on them.  They can grow little tubular yellow flowers.

Aloe vera Medicinal Aloe

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9a-11
  • Light: Aloe vera wants bright, indirect light, wither it is sunlight or artificial.
    You can place it in either a western or southern window.
  • Temperature: Aloe vera also likes temperatures between 55° and 80°F.
  • Water: Aloe vera will die, if it is watered too much.  You only want to water your plant roughly every three weeks and even less in the winter.
  • Problems/Issues: Diseases that occur with aloe vera is root rot, soft rot, fungal stem rot and leaf rot. 

General Care For Aloe Vera

Container

You want to use a terra-cotta or other porous material pot, that is as wide as it is deep, that has at least one hole in the bottom.

Soil

You can plant the aloe vera in either cactus potting soil or regular potting soil with extra perlite added to it.  Cactus soil is made up of sand, grit, soil and sometimes peat moss. 

You can either buy commercially made cactus soil or make your own.  If you buy cactus soil, you need to be careful because they normally add peat moss to it. 

The peat moss helps to keep moisture, however, when the peat moss dries out, it is very hard for it to ingest water again.  Instead of buying, you can make your own.

To make your own, you can either use washed sand mixed with soil and a gritty substance (such as pebbles or shards of a pot) or potting soil that is mixed with pumice and coir.

If you live in a barren area, you may want to add peat moss, you just want to be careful that it doesn’t completely dry out.  You can fertilize, but you only want to do it during the spring and summer and no more than once a month. 

If you do fertilize, you only want to use half strength of a well-balanced houseplant formula.

Adromischus cristatus "Crinkle-Leaf Plant"

  • Other name: Key Lime Pie
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Genus: Adromischus
  • Native: South Africa (Eastern Cape)

A small succulent with leaves that form as crinkles. Its leaves are covered with tiny hairs and this plant grows slow. This can grow up to two inches long and up to one inch wide for each leaf. Its flowers can grow up to eight inches.

Adromischus cristatus Crinkle-Leaf Plant, Key Lime Pie

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9B to 10B
  • Light: Sun, Shade or Perhaps Something in Between
  • Temperature: The Crinkle-Lead plant isn’t really a fan of the cold. The temperature it is in should only be up to 19 °F. It’s why it is advisable to have it planted in a container that can be brought indoors so that when the temperature has dropped, you can just bring it indoors to avoid frosting.
  • Water: Thrives on dry soil. You should only water this plant when its soil is completely dry.
  • Problems/Issues: As this plant ages, some of its leaves tend to elongate.

General Care For Adromischus Cristatus "Crinkle-Leaf Plant"

Container – Should be planted on indoor containers with excellent drainage.

Soil – You should use a well-draining soil that is premixed. The mix should have perlite, sand, or peat moss.

Adromischus Maculatus "Calico Hearts "

  • Other name: Chocolate Drops
  • Order: Saxifragales Family: Sedoideae Tribe: Kalanchoeae
  • Native: South Africa

Calico hearts are short succulents that are a gray-green to green-brown in color, they may or may not have purple spots on them.  

The leaves are minuscule clusters that can get up to 3 inches long and up to 1.5 inches wide.  

The leaves are curved, wedge-shape and almost glisten.  The flowers that calico hearts produce are cylinder shape and are a pale, yellowish green color.

Calico Hearts (Adromischus Maculatus)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9b-11​​​​
  • Light: Calico hearts enjoys to be in the light.
  • Temperature: Calico hearts is a frost hardy succulent and can handle temperatures as low as 25°F, but it prefers above 50°F.   
  • Water: During spring, summer and autumn you should give your calico hearts a good soaking then allow them to dry between watering. They need less water in the winter, then they do during other seasons. Also during the winter, you need to keep water off of the leaves.
  • Problems/Issues: Calico hearts can be subject to root rot and can attract mealybugs and vine weevils.  Calico hearts are also fragile, so once you find a spot you want it to be, you should leave it there.  

General Care For Adromischus Maculatus "Calico Hearts"

Container- Calico hearts should be grown in containers that have excellent drainage.

Soil- You should use a succulent potting soil.

Kiwi Aeonium "Aeonium Haworthii"

  • Other names: Aeonium Haworthii ‘Kiwi’, Aeonium Decrum ‘Kiwi’, Aeonium percarneum ‘Kiwi’, Aeonium haworthii ‘Variegata’, Aeonium Haworthii ‘Dream Color’, Aeonium haworthii ‘Tricolor’, Aeonium ‘Verde’, Aeonium ‘Keweonium
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Genus: Aeonium
  • Native: California, United States

This succulent grows as fleshy green rosettes with red color on the edges.

The inner part of the rosettes is a bit yellow in color. It could grow up to 24 inches tall.

Kiwi Aeonium (Aeonium Haworthii)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9A to 11B
  • Light: It will be better to keep this indoors. Expose it to sunlight for at least six hours.
  • Temperature:This plant doesn’t enjoy too much warmth, but it also won’t thrive when the weather is too cold.
  • Water: Infrequent watering is how this succulent will thrive. Do not water again if the soil is still wet.
  • Problems/Issues: The Aeonium Kiwi is prone to root rot and is monocarpic, which means it dies after it blooms.

General Care For Aeonium ‘Kiwi’

Container – You may grow this plant in a medium to a large container with drainage.

Soil – You will need a well-draining soil for this plant. You may use a cactus mix with peat and perlites.

Aichryson Laxum "Tree of Love"

  • Other name: Mice Ears
  • Family: Crassulaceae Genus: Airchryson
  • Native: Portugal

Tree of love has a dwarf-tree like appearance, with enormous, oval, fuzzy, dark, green leaves.  Tree of love have short, leaf stalks that have clusters of pale yellow flowers.

Tree of Love (Aichryson Laxum)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 6a-9b
  • Light: Tree of love wants bright, light.
  • Temperature: Tree of love is a frost hardy succulent.  It can handle temperatures as low as -10°F; however, it prefers temperatures between 61°F-75°F. 
  • Water: Give tree of love a good soaking then allow the top half of the soil dries out.
  • Problems/Issues: You need to cut off the inflorescence or tree of love will die after flowering.  If the leaves fall off, tree of love is receiving too much light.  They can also suffer from root rot and attract mealybugs.

General Care For Aichryson Laxum "Tree Of Love"

Container- You should plant tree of love in 4-5-inch-deep, clay pots.

Soil- You should plant them in cacti/succulent soil.  If you want to fertilize tree of love, you can do it 2 or 3 times a year with a standard, liquid fertilizer.

Aeonium Arboreum "Tree House Leek"

  • Other names: Irish Rose, Pinwheel Desert Rose
  • Order: Saxifragales Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedinae Tribe: Sedeae Subtribe: Sedinae Genus: Aeonium
  • Native: North Africa, Carney Island

Tree house leek has a tree like appearance, with forked stems.  It can reach 3 feet in height.  The leaves are green, oval shaped and can reach 3 inches long.  Tree house leek produced minuscule, yellow, star-shaped flowers.

Tree House Leek (Aeonium Arboreum)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 10a-13a
  • Light: It prefers full light during the colder months and shade during the summer months.
  • Temperature: - It prefers temperatures around 50°F, it can go as high as 100°F, but higher than that can kill it.
  • Water: Only water tree house leeks once a month during winter.  The rest of the time, give them a good soaking then allow them to dry between waterings.
  • Problems/Issues: Tree house leek can suffer from root rot and attract mealybugs, scale and aphids.

General Care For Aeonium Arboreum "Tree House Leek"

Container- Tree house leeks should be planted in terra cotta pots.

Soil- They should be planted in succulent potting soil.

Aeonium 'Sunburst' "Copper Pinwheel"

  • Other names: Sunburst, Aeonium Decorum
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Genus: Aeonium
  • Native: Canary Islands

The Copper Pinwheel is a variegated and branching succulent that forms as rosettes. It has leaves that are colored green and a bit of white. The leaves’ edges are pinkish in color but turns red when directly exposed to sunlight. This succulent can grow up to 18 inches tall. Its flowers are white in color.

Copper Pinwheel (Aeonium 'Sunburst')

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 10A
  • Light: It’s best to just place it indoors
  • Temperature: This plant isn’t a fan of the hot weather. Keep it placed in a place where it is 65–75˚F in temperature. If it gets colder than 30˚F outside
  • Water: While it is dormant, watering is not really necessary for this plant. You can only water this when it is extremely dry. When it’s not dormant, only water if the top soil is already dry.
  • Problems/Issues: This plant is prone to having pests. Bugs, birds, and slugs tend to also eat the leaves of this plant.

General Care For Aeonium 'Sunburst'

Container – The Copper Pinwheel can be grown outdoors and indoors, so it’s best to choose a container that is easy to move. Just make sure that the container will allow smooth drainage.

Soil – This Aeonium succulent need some moisture so it’s best to use a sandy potting mix.Do not fertilize this plant when it is dormant, which is during the summer.

Adenium Obesum "Desert Rose"

  • Other known names:Mock Azalea, Impala Lily, Sabi Star
  • Order: Gentianales Family: Apocynaceae Subfamily: Apocynoideae Tribe: Wrightieae Genus: Adenium
  • Native: Eastern Africa, the Middle East, and Madagascar

Desert rose is a condensed stemmed shrub, with barely any leaves, that produce red flowers.

Desert Rose (Adenium Obesum)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 11-12
  • Light: They prefer full light, so a sunny window is a good place to put them. Desert roses want up to six hours a day in direct light.
  • Temperature: Desert roses prefers temperatures between 75-95°F, but can survive temperatures as low as 55°F. Desert roses are frost sensitive.
  • Water: Give desert roses a good soaking and allow the soil to dry between each time you water them.  During the months of October through February only water once a month.
  • Problems/Issues: Desert roses have toxic sap, so don’t allow place them were small children and animals can get them. They can suffer from rot root and can attract spider mites, mealybugs and aphids.

General Care For Adenium Obesum "Desert Rose"​​​

Container- Desert roses grow best in unglazed, terra cotta pots.

Soil- You should use succulent/cacti potting mix.  You can fertilize weekly, but only during the growing season.

aloe aristata "Lace Aloe"

  • Other names: Bearded Aloe, Hardy Aloe
  • Family: Xanthorrhoeacea Subfamily: Asphodeloideae Genus: Aloe
  • Native: South Africa
Lace aloe is a stemless, dark-gray to green, dwarf shrub.  It has a compressed rosette, with each leaf getting up to 6 inches long.  The leaves look like they have little teeth on them and the edges of the leaves are white.  During early summer, lace aloe produces orange flowers.
Lace Aloe (Aloe Aristata)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9a-11
  • Light: Lace aloe likes bright light.
  • Temperature: They grow fine in normal room temperatures.
  • Water: Lace aloe likes a good soaking and then having its soil dry between waterings.  You also shouldn’t water lace aloe in the winter.
  • Problems/Issues: Lace aloe can suffer from wilting, yellowing leaves, rotting at the base and rot root.  They can also attract mealybugs and scale.

General Care For Aloe Aristata "Lace Aloe"

Container- Lace aloe should be planted in shallow, clay pots.

Soil- You should use cacti or succulent potting soil.

Aloe Brevifolia Short-leaved Aloe

  • Other names:
  • Family: Xanthorrhoeceae Subfamily: Asphodeloideae Genus: Aloe
  •  Native: South Africa

The Short-leaved Aloe is greenish gray in color with spiky edges. It forms as a rosette and can grow up to one foot tall.

When exposed to the sun, its leaves may look a bit yellow. Its orange flowers blossom every spring.

Aloe brevifolia “Short-leaved Aloe”

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9A
  • Light: The Short-leaved Aloe enjoys the strong and bright light of the sun. Make sure it gets light for at least six hours daily.
  • Temperature: If the temperature drops to 20° F, it’s best to take this plant indoors.
  • Water: Do not let the leaves sit on water. During summer, you can water this as soon as you see its top soil dry, but every winter, make sure to water this less.
  • Problems/Issues: In some cases, this plant can be toxic to humans and animals. This plant is also prone to overwatering.

General Care For Aloe Brevifolia "Short-Leaved Aloe"

Container – You can plant this on medium to large sized container that has depth. Choose a container that you can easily move when needed.

Soil – You should plant this on a potting mix with one-third sand or pebbles.Only fertilize this plant every summer.

Aloe 'Çhristmas Carol'

  • Other names: Aloe Cultivar Christmas Carol
  • Family: Asphodelaceae Subfamily: Asphodeloideae Genus: Aloe
  • Native: A hybrid by Kelly Griffin

The Christmas Carol is a star-shaped slow-growing succulent that known for its shape and colors. It could grow up to 1 foot tall and six inches wide. Its leaves are pointed and colored dark-green. The leaves also have red edges and yellow bumps. Its flower is pinkish in color.

Christmas Carol (Aloe 'Çhristmas Carol')

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9B to 11
  • Light: Like most succulents, it needs at least six hours of sunshine daily.
  • Temperature: Keep this in an area with a temperature of 70 to 80 °F.
  • Water: Do not let it sit on stagnant water. Occasional watering is required.
  • Problems/Issues: It is prone to root rot if overwatered.

General Care For Aloe ‘Christmas Carol’

Container – You can have this planted on medium-sized containers that allow good drainage.

Soil – You’ll need a well-draining and rich gritty cactus mix.

Aloe Black Doran "Dorian Black"

  • Other names: Aloe ‘Dorian Black’
  • Family: Asphodelaceae Subfamily: Asphodeloideae Genus: Aloe
  • Native: Africa

Contrary to its name, the Black Doran actually has whitish-green and pointy leaves that could grow up to six inches tall. It forms in clumps, which is typical in aloe plants. It has red and orange flower.

Dorian Black (Aloe ‘Black Doran’)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 10a to 11
  • Light: It does well under partial to full shade of the sun. Give it at least 6 hours of light exposure daily
  • Temperature: If the temperature drops to 30 °F, it’s best to place this plant indoors.
  • Water: It has the typical watering need of an aloe. Do not let it sit on stagnant water for a long time. Avoid letting water stay on its leaves as well.
  • Problems/Issues: Aloes are mainly prone to root rot when overwatered.

General Care For Aloe ‘Doran Black’

Container – The Black Doran is a good container plant. You can have this placed on a medium-sized container that allows smooth drainage.

Soil – Use a well-draining gritty mix with peats or pebbles.

Aloe Haworthioides "Haworthia-leaved Aloe"

  • Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae Subfamily: Asphodeloideae Genus: Aloe
  • Native: Madagascar

Haworthia-leaved aloe are fast-growing, stemless, minuscule succulents.  They have a compressed rosette that are lance shaped.  They have comfy, plumed, shiny white shaggy spines.  They have orange, cylinder flowers.

Haworthia-leaved Aloe (Aloe Haworthioides)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9b-13b
  • Light: Once haworthia-leaved aloe become accustomed to the light, it likes strong, bright light.
  • Temperature: It prefers temperatures around 75°F.
  • Water: Haworthia-leaved aloe should be soaked, then allowed to dry out between waterings.  You should stop watering them in winter.
  • Problems/Issues:
    Haworthia-leaved aloe can suffer from rot root and attract mealybugs and scale.

General Care For Aloe Haworthioides

Container- Haworthia-leaved aloe should be planted in excellent draining, clay pots.

Soil- They need to be grown in cacti or succulent potting soil.  You can also potting soil, mixed with coarse sand or pebbles. If you want to fertilize it only use cactus fertilizer during the summer months.

Aloe Juvenna "Tiger Tooth Aloe"

  • Other names: Aloe Juvenna Brandham & S.Carter
  • Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae Subfamily: Asphodeloideae Genus: Aloe
  • Native: Kenya

This clump-forming succulent grows as rosettes with spiky leaves.

Each stem could grow up to 12 inches upright.The leaves are naturally green but when it is happily stressed, the leaves turn reddish-brown.

Tiger Tooth Aloe (Aloe Juvenna)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9A
  • Light: You can have it exposed to light fully or partially.
  • Temperature:This plant enjoys the warmth and it should be brought indoors if the temperature dropped to 20° F.
  • Water: Don’t overwater. You need to wait for the soil to dry up before watering this plant again. This is drought-tolerant, so it won’t really mind being underwatered for some time.
  • Problems/Issues:
    Has the tendency to sit low and is also susceptible to having pests.

General Care For Tiger Tooth Aloe

Container – You can have this planted on medium-sized containers that can be brought indoors when needed.

Soil – This needs a potting soil or mix that drains well.Preferably, the mix should have perlites. You can add a small amount of fertilizer on its soil during its growth.

Beaucarnea Recurvata "Ponytail Palm"

  • Other known names: Bottle Palm Tree, Elephant’s Foot Palm
  • Order: Asparagales Family: Asparagaceae Subfamily: Nolinoideae Genus: Beaucarnea
  • Native: Eastern Mexico

Ponytail palm is not a palm tree; it just happens to look like one.  It has a large, onion shaped trunk, which store water in it, that tapers off into a narrow stem.

It has long green, leathery, hair-like leaves.  When grown indoors, it can reach up to three feet in width and four feet in height.  Older plants can develop white flowers on them.

Ponytail Palm (Beaucarnea Recurvata)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9a-10b
  • Light: They like to have bright light during half of the year and prefer to be in indirect light during the other half of the year.
  • Temperature:
    Ponytail palm like warmer temperatures during the summer, (think in the 70s°F), and colder temperatures in the winter (50-55°F). During the winter, you should not keep your ponytail plant close to windows or they could freeze.
  • Water: To keep a ponytail palm happy, soak the soil and allow the excess water to drain out, let your plant sit in the extra water for a minute or two, then dump it back into the plant.  Afterwards, allow the plant’s soil to dry out before re-watering.  Water the ponytail plant less often in the winter.
  • Problems/Issues: Ponytail palm, if overwatered can develop stem rot.  They can also attract spider mites. It is also important to note, that ragged edges that could cut you, so you may want to keep it out of reach of small children and handle it with care.

General Care For Beaucarnea Recurvata "Ponytail Palm"

Container- Ponytail palm should be grown in a clay pot, where, the trunk of should have roughly an inch between it and the rim of the pot. Pot should have at least one hole in bottom for drainage.

Soil

-  You should grow your ponytail palm in either cacti or succulent potting soil.  You can also make your own soil mixture of potting soil, perlite and sand.  Ponytail palm only needs to fertilized two or three times during the spring and summer, with a cacti or succulent fertilizer.

Ceropegia Woodii Variegata "String of Hearts"

  • Other names: Sweetheart Vine, Rosary Vine, Heart Entangled, Chain of Hearts, Rosary Plant
  • Family: Apocynaceae Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae Genus: Ceropegia
  • Native: Africa and Southern Asia

The String of Hearts is a vining or trailing succulent with heart-shaped leaves. Its leaves are colored green, white, and pink, while its stems are purplish in color. It can grow up to 4 inches tall, but it could also trail up to 13 feet.

String of Hearts (Ceropegia Woodii Variegata)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 11A
  • Light: It can thrive on full and partial lighting of at least six hours daily.
  • Temperature:
    If it gets colder than 40° F, place this plant indoors.
  • Water: You should allow its soil to completely dry out before watering. Water this plant less during the winter.
  • Problems/Issues: It has the tendency to grow thinly. You can remedy this by tucking a few of its cuttings in the soil.

General Care For Ceropegia Woodii Variegata "String Of Hearts "

Soil – You may use a cactus potting mix or soil with at least one-third of sand.

Only fertilize with a well=balanced fertilizer during spring.

Cotyledon Tomentosa Bear’s Paw

  • Other names: Cotyledon Tomentosa ‘Variegata’, Variegated Bear’s Paw
  • Family:Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Genus: Cotyledon
  • Native: Africa

The Bear’s Paw is a shrub type of succulent that got its name because of how its leaves look like. It has thick and curvy leaves with mini claws at the tips that are a bit red in color. This could grow up to 20 inches tall and its flowers are bell-shaped and orange-red or a bit pinkish in color.

Bear’s Paw (Cotyledon Tomentosa)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9A to 10
  • Light: Make sure to expose it to light for at least six hours.
  • Temperature: The Bear Claws prefer the warmth that shouldn’t go below 30° F.
  • Water: It’s advisable to only water this once a week when the soil is already dry.
  • Problems/Issues: It can be toxic to humans and animals. It is also prone to light frost during winter.

General Care For Cotyledon Tomentosa "Bear’s Paw"

Container

– Make sure that you choose a container with at least one drainage hole. Since this plant tends to grow a lot, it’s best that you choose a deep container to let its roots spread nicely.

Soil – You should have this planted on a well-draining potting soil that is a bit sandy. Fertilize lightly during summer. You can do this twice a month.

Crassula Exilis Ssp. Schmidtii "Fairy Tongue"

  • Order: Saxifragales Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Crassuloideae Genus: Crassula
  • Native: Cape Province, South Africa

Fairy tongue have fuzzy stems that stick straight up.  It has green leaves, that start out wide at the rosette that taper to slim.  The purplish-pink flowers are star shaped and are in clusters.

Fairy Tongue (Crassula Exilis Ssp. Schmidtii)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 10a-11
  • Light: It likes full light, but when it is extremely hot, it likes to have some shade.
  • Temperature: Fairy tongue can survive in temperatures that drop to 30°F.
  • Water: During the months that are cooler, you should give fairy tongues a good soaking and allow it to dry out in between waterings.  During the summer months, you should water it less.
  • Problems/Issues:
    Fairy tongues become dormant in the hotter months.  It can develop root rot and attract mealybugs.

General Care For Crassula Exilis Ssp. Schmidtii "Fairy Tongue"

Container- Fairy tongues need containers that have excellent drainage.

Soil- They should be planted in a succulent potting soil.  You can use a control release fertilizer at the beginning of spring.

Crassula Capitella "Campfire Crassula"

  • Other names: Crassula Capitella, Crassula Capitella ‘Campfire’, Crassula Erosula ‘Campfire’, Crassula Cocinea ‘Campfire’
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Crassuloideae Genus: Crassula
  • Native: South Africa

The leaves of the Campfire Crassula are fleshy and light red in color. Its leaves are propeller-shaped and can turn to bright red under the sun.

Each mat formed by its leaves can grow up to six inches tall and three feet wide.

Campfire Crassula (Crassula Capitella)

  • USDA Zone: 9A to 1B
  • Light: You can have this exposed to partial and full sun for at least six hours every day.
  • Temperature: Do not let it sit on a place with a temperature that is below 30° F.
  • Water: This plant only needs light watering to avoid root rot.
  • Problems/Issues: The Crassula Capitella is prone to getting mealy bugs and fungal diseases, especially when it’s overwatered. Its flowers can attract bees.

General Care For Crassula Capitella "Campfire Crassula"

Container – You can have this planted on medium-sized containers that allow good drainage.

Soil – You’ll need a well-draining and rich gritty cactus mix.

Crassula Falcata Propeller Plant

  • Other names: Airplane Plant, Crassula Perfoliata, Scarlet Paintbrush
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Crassuloideae Genus: Crassula
  • Native: South Africa (Eastern Cape)

This succulent that grows well indoors is called as it is because of its leaves that are shaped like propellers. Its leaves are overlapping and are grayish green in color. This can grow up to two feet tall, with its leaves elongating up to four feet.

Propeller Plant (Crassula Falcata)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9B to 11B
  • Light: Make sure to place the container near a sunny window if it will be grown indoors.
  • Temperature: It can thrive in an area with a temperature of 25 °F to 50 °F and can easily frost when exposed in cold climate. Make sure to bring this indoors when needed.
  • Water: Not much watering is needed, especially when repotting. Always wait for the soil to be dry before watering it lightly.
  • Problems/Issues: This plant is prone to having mealy bugs and fungal diseases. Its flowers can attract bees and butterflies.

General Care For Crassula Falcata "Propeller Plant"

Container – You may use any containers with excellent drainage.

Soil – This could thrive on potting soil and gritty soil mix. Just make sure to have this repotted during the warm season.

Crassula Muscosa "Watch Chain"

  • Other names: Princess Pine
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Crassuloideae Genus: Crassula
  • Native: Namibia and South Africa

This is a succulent with small compacted leaves. It is shaped like a bush and colored light green. It can grow up to 12 inches tall. It also has little flowers that are yellow-green in color.

Watch Chain (Crassula Muscosa)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9A
  • Light: This will require at least 6 hours of time under the light or sun.
  • Temperature: This is a plant that doesn’t thrive in cold temperature. If the climate or temperature has dropped below 20° F, then this should be brought indoors to avoid frosting.
  • Water: Water at least thrice a week or only when its soil is completely dry.
  • Problems/Issues: This plant can easily suffer light overexposure. When overexposed, it easily dries and stiffens.

General Care For Crassula Muscosa "Watch Chain"

Container – Should be planted on containers that be brought indoors.

The container should have a drainage hole.

Soil – Like most cactus and succulent, this plant thrives on dry soil.You can plant this on a gritty soil mix with perlites.

Crassula Ovata Jade Plant

  • Other Names: Lucky plant, Money plant, Money Tree
  • Order: Saxifragales Family: Crassulaceae Genus: Crassula
  • Native: South Africa and Mozambique

Jade plants have crowded branches that have an abundant amount of lustrous, polished leaves.  Jade plants tend to look like miniature trees. The leaves are can range in color from jade green to yellow green.

They tend to be between 18 and 30 inches tall.  Occasionally during the spring, jade plants grow tiny, white flowers.

Jade Plant (Crassula Ovata)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 10a-11
  • Light: Jade plants like at least 4 hours of sunlight a day, so you should place them in south facing windows. 
  • Temperature: Jade plants like temperatures between 65-75°F during the day, and 55°F during the night and during the winter.  During the winter, you also want to move jade plants away from windows or any drafty areas.  
  • Water:  You should keep them most, but only water when the top layer of soil dries out.  Make sure you don’t spray the leaves with water.
  • Problems/Issues: Jade plants can attract mealy bugs, develop root rot and occasionally develop droopy leaves.

General Care For Crassula Ovata "Jade Plant"

Container- You need a wide, sturdy pot; that has at least one hole in the bottom.

Soil 

- You should use cactus mix that has been mixed with organic materials or use organic soil that has been mixed with peat moss and coarse sand.You can fertilize with a water soluble fertilizer two times a year, however, you never want to fertilize when the soil is dry.

Crassula 'Tom Thumb'

  • Other name: Tom Thumb
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Crassuloideae Genus: Crassula
  • Native: Namibia and South Africa

It’s a miniature succulent plant with tiny and triangular leaves. Its leaves are colored green with some red on the edges. It could grow up to six inches tall. This blooms during spring with tiny white flowers.

Crassula 'Tom Thumb'

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9B to 11B
  • Light: Partial sun is fine for this plant. This means it needs at least 6 to 7 hours of light exposure.
  • Temperature: It loves the temperature of summer. If it gets colder than 30° F, it’s best to take this plant indoors.
  • Water: During the summer, you don’t need to water it often. Like a lot of succulents only have this watered when the soil is already dry. Never let it sit on water for a long time.
  • Problems/Issues: This is susceptible to root rot. What you can do is to sometimes leave this plant dry for a week to avoid this from happening.

General Care For Crassula 'Tom Thumb'

Container – This requires a container where it could spread its roots. Preferably, use a container that can be brought indoors.

Soil – A succulent mix with perlite, sand, and peat moss is what you should use.

Make sure that the pH of the soil is at 6.

Delosperma Sphalmanthoides "

Tom Thumb

"

  • Order: Caryophyllales Family: Aizoaceae Subfamily: Ruschioideae Tribe: Ruschieae Genus: Delosperma
  • Native: South Africa

Tufted ice plants have small, crowded, finger-like leaves that are a bluish-green color. Tufted ice plants produce magenta and pink flowers, that come out at the end of summer and fall.

Tufted Ice Plant (Delosperma Sphalmanthoides)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 7a-10b
  • Light: Tufted ice plants can survive in partial light, but prefer full light.
  • Temperature: Tufted ice plants are frost hardy and survive in temperatures as low as zero. It prefers to be at 55°F.
  • Water: You should water it weekly during the summer and allow the soil to dry out in the winter.
  • Problems/Issues: Tufted ice plant can suffer from root rot and sooty mold.  They can also attract aphids, mealybugs, spider mites and vine weevil.

General Care For Delosperma Sphalmanthoides "Tufted Ice Plant"

Container

- Tufted ice plants need containers that have excellent drainage and also work well in hanging baskets.

Soil- You should plant them in cacti potting soil. You can fertilize tufted ice plants once a month in spring and summer with cactus fertilizer. You can also use a standard, liquid fertilizer that has been diluted to half strength.

Drosanthemum Speciosum "Red Ice Plant"

  • Other Known Names: Royal Dew Flower, Dew Flower, Red Bush Ice Plant
  • Order: Caryophyllales Family: Aizoaceae Genus: Drosanthemum
  • Native: South Africa, Nambia

Red ice plant is an entangled shrublet, that can get up to two feet tall.  It has miniature, shimmery green leaves.  Red ice plants have flowers that come in an array of colors, such as, scarlet, yellow and orange.  Only on nice summer afternoons, will the flowers open.

Red Ice Plant (Drosanthemum Speciosum)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9a-11
  • Light: It likes full sun; however, if you live in extremely hot areas, you should give it partial shade.
  • Temperature: Red ice plants can survive as low as 20°F.
  • Water: Just like other succulents, red ice plants don’t like to be overwatered.  You need to give it a good soaking, then allow it to dry between waterings.
  • Problems/Issues: Red ice plants can suffer from root rot and can attract mealybugs and scale.

General Care For Drosanthemum Speciosum "Red Ice Plant"

Container- Red ice plants need containers that have excellent drainage.

Soil- They need to be grown in a loam based potting soil, that has perlite added to it.

Euphoribia Milii "Crown-of-Thorns"

  • Other known names: Christ plant, Christ thorn
  • Order: Malpighiales Family: Euphorbiaceae Genus: Euphorbia
  • Native: Madagascar

Crown-of-Thorns is a shrub, that can get up to three feet long.  The leaves are smooth edged, when they are immature they are bright green but as they mature they turn to a grayish green, which are arranged in a spiral pattern. Crown-of-Thorn stems have sharp spines that run through them.  

The flowers are either red or yellow, however, hybrids have a variety of colors.

Crown-of-Thorns (Euphoribia Milii)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 8a-11
  • Light: It likes full direct sunlight.
  • Temperature: likes temperatures between 65-75°F, but can survive if it gets as low as 50°F and as high as 95°F.
  • Water: Crown-of-thorns needs water when the soil is dry, one inch in depth.  You should flood the pot and let the extra water drain out, once it drains out dump out the excess water.  During the winter, you should allow the soil to dry out to two-three inches in depth.
  • Problems/Issues: Crown-of-thorns can attract mealybugs, spider mites and scales.  They can also develop root rot.  Another important issue with Crown-of-thorns is that they are poisonous if eaten and their sap can cause skin irritations.  You should wear gloves when handling them and keep them out of the reach of small children and animals.

General Care For Euphoribia Milii "Crown-Of-Thorns"

Container-  You need a container that will allow for drainage and make sure the container is large enough to contain the roots.  You will want to replant crown-of-thorns, every two years in the late winter or early spring to protect the roots.

Soil- Crown-of thorns should be grown in cacti or succulent soil.  During the summer you should use a liquid houseplant fertilizer every two weeks, then once a month during the winter.

Echeveria Elegans "Mexican Snowball"

  • Other known names: Mexican gems, White Mexican Rose
  • Order: Saxifragales Family: Crassulaceae Genus: Echeveria
  • Native: The semi-deserts of Mexico

Mexican snowballs are low-growing plants, that grow in compressed, blue-green mounds.  They have pink flowers that have tints of yellow in them, and the tips of the leaves are pink.

Mexican Snowball (Echeveria Elegans)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9a-11
  • Light: They enjoy being in full, direct light.
  • Temperature: Mexican snowballs can be in high temperatures and their only real protection they need is when temperatures reach below 25°F.
  • Water: Just like other succulents, water them when their soil dries out, during the spring and summer.  Don’t water Mexican snowballs during the winter.
  • Problems/Issues: Mexican snowballs can experience soft and root rot; and can also attract mealy bugs.

General Care For Echeveria Elegans "Mexican Snowball"

Container-

Soil  

 

Echeveria ‘Black Prince’ "Black Prince"

  • Other names: Black Hens and Chicks
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Genus: Echeveria
  • Native: Semi-desert areas of Central America, Mexico, and Northwestern South America

The Black Prince is a rosette-forming succulent that is low-growing. Its leaves are thick and dark purple in color. Each rosette could grow up to three inches wide and this plant has dark red flowers that bloom every late fall and early winter.

Black Prince (Echeveria ‘Black Prince’)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9A to 11B
  • Light: The Black Prince requires at least six hours of light exposure. When grown indoors, the color of this plant may change and lighten up a bit.
  • Temperature: It can’t tolerate the cold temperature. Put it indoors if the temperature gets colder than 20° F.
  • Water: Do not let the rosettes sit on water. Wait for the top soil to dry out first before watering this plant again.
  • Problems/Issues: It is prone to fungal diseases. Its dead leaves can be a home to different types of pests, so make sure that you remove those as soon as you see them.

General Care For Echeveria ‘Black Prince'

Container

Soil – Use a cactus potting mix with the pH level of 6.

Echeveria Imbricata "Blue Rose"

  • Other names: Blue Rose Echeveria, Hens and Chicks
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Genus: Echeveria
  • Native: Mexico

The Echeveria Imbricata is a rosette-forming succulent, which is considered as one of the most common types of Echeveria.

It is powdery blue in color with a touch of pink on the edges of its leaves. It could grow up to eight inches wide and its flowers are yellow in color.

Blue Rose (Echeveria Imbricata)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone:
    9A
  • Light: It also loves the sun, so full exposure to sunlight shouldn’t be a problem.
  • Temperature: This plant enjoys the summer weather of around 65ºF to 70ºF. If the temperature drops to 30º F, it’s best to bring it indoors.
  • Water: Do not let it sit on water for too long. It’s best to only water this plant when the soil is already dry.
  • Problems/Issues:
    It is prone to having mealy bugs. Remove its dead leaves right away as it could start the pest infestation.

General Care For Echeveria Imbricata "Blue Rose"

Container

– Make sure that you use a container that will allow smooth drainage.

Soil – The Blue Rose prefers soil that has a pH level of 6. You can use a cactus potting mix.

Echeveria Runyoni 'Topsy Turvy' Echeveria ‘Silver Spoons’

  • Other names: Silver Spoons, Mexican Hens and Chicks, Silver Spoons Echeveria, Topsy Turvy
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Genus: Echeveria
  • Native: Tamaulipas in Mexico

This fast-growing succulent has log leaves that could grow up to five inches long.

It grows as a rosette that is heavy and thick. Its leaves are bluish green in color that look powdery.

During the fall is when its orange and yellow flowers bloom.

Echeveria ‘Silver Spoons’ (Echeveria Runyoni 'Topsy Turvy')

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 8A to 10B
  • Light: It can take partial and full sunlight of at least six hours daily.
  • Temperature: This plant won’t thrive well on cold temperature. It’s best to bring this plant indoors if the temperature has dropped to 20° F.
  • Water: Careful watering is needed, and you should only water this plant if its soil is completely dry.
  • Problems/Issues: This plant is prone to having mealy bugs.

General Care For Echeveria Runyoni 'Topsy Turvy'

Container – It’s best to have this planted on a medium-sized container that allows drainage.

Soil – Use a well-draining cactus gritty mix.

Euphorbia Tirucalli  "Fire Sticks"

  • Other names: Sticks of Fire, Red Pencil Tree, Sticks on Fire, Euphorbia tirucalli ‘Rosea’
  • Family: Euphorbiaceae Subfamily: Euphordioideae Genus: Euphorbia
  • Native: Southern India

The Euphorbia Tirucalli is a shrub type of succulent that could grow up to 25 feet tall. It has cylindrical branches that are green with yellowish and pinkish tips.

Its leaves are small, which only measures about half an inch, and that is why this plant sometimes appears to be naked.Its lowers are pale yellow in color.

Fire Sticks (Euphorbia Tirucalli)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 10A
  • Light: Make sure to expose it to sunlight for at least six hours.
  • Temperature: It won’t thrive in cold weather as this plant loves the sun.
  • Water: Only water this plant if the soil is already dry as it cannot tolerate wet or moist soil.
  • Problems/Issues: This is known to be toxic to humans and animals.

General Care For Euphorbia Tirucalli  "Fire Sticks"

Container

– This is preferably grown outdoors because of its tendency to grow tall, but it still would do good as a container plant.

Just make sure you choose a deep container that will allow smooth drainage.

Soil – It needs a well-draining soil with a lot of peat moss or perlites that will allow good drainage.

Faucaria Tigrina "Tiger’s Jaw"

  • Order: Caryophyllales Family: Aizoaceae Genus: Faucaria
  • Native: Cape Province/Karoo Desert of South Africa

Tiger’s jaws are a low growing succulent, with several layers of leaves that form a weaved pattern that forms a star shaped rosette.

The leaves can be .8 inches wide and can be up to two inches long.  The leaves have teeth shaped, edges on them. The leaves are a greyish-green color with white dots on them. As tiger’s jaw plants mature, the “teeth” on the leaves, start to give a more jaw-like appearance. During the autumn, they produce large, daisy like flowers that are golden yellow.

Tiger’s Jaw (Faucaria Tigrina)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9b-11
  • Light: Tiger’s jaw wants at least 3 hours of direct light all year long, but during the hottest parts of the day in the summer, it prefers to be in the shade. 
  • Temperature: jaw can survive as low as 23°F and can survive a mild frost.  It prefers during the spring-fall temperatures ranging between 70-90°F, and during the winter months it prefers 60-75°F. 
  • Water:
    Give tiger’s jaw a good soaking and then allow the soil to dry out between each time you water them.
  • Problems/Issues: Wild tiger’s jaw is endangered, so make sure you get your plant from a reliable botanist.  They can suffer from root rot and can attract mealybugs and scale.  

General Care For Faucaria Tigrina

Container- You should grow tiger’s jaw in shallow pans, that have well drainage.

Soil- They will do well in any type of soil as long as it has excellent drainage capability. You can make a mixture of course sand/gritty soil with topsoil.  

You can use a standard fertilizer, at half strength, once a growing season.

Fenestraria Rhopalophylla "Baby Toes"

  • Order: Caryophyllales Family: Aizoaceae Genus: Fenestraria
  • Native: Southeastern Namibia, South Africa

Baby toes are dwarf plants that leaves are shaped like baby’s toes.

The leaves can be from grayish green to grayish brown. During the summer and autumn, baby toes produce a variety of yellow, daisy-like flowers.

Baby Toes (Fenestraria Rhopalophylla)

Quick Facts:

  • Light: They like bright, indirect light.
  • Temperature: Baby toes are frost hardy and survive in temperature as low as 20°F and as high as 50°F. 
  • Water: Sprinkle baby toes in the summer; and during autumn, winter, and early spring, give baby toes a good soaking then allow them to dry between waterings.
  • Problems/Issues: Baby toes can suffer from root rot and leaf splitting.  They can attract mealybugs and scale and during the summer they go dormant.  
    Another important note, is that there are conflicting reports on whether or not it is toxic, so to be safe keep it out of the reach of children and animals.

General Care For Fenestraria Rhopalophylla "Baby Toes"

Container- You should plant baby toes in well-draining, terra cotta plants.

Soil- You should plant them in a soil that is a mixture of potting soil and pumice or perlite, or you can use a mixture of potting soil and sand or fine gravel.

Gasteria 'Little Warty'

  • Other name: Little Warty
  • Family: Asphodelaceae Subfamily: Asphodeloideae Genus: Gasteria
  • Native: South Africa

The little warty is a small succulent with white and green-colored leaves. It got its name because of the little wart-like bumps it has on its leaves.

Generally, it doesn’t have a concrete form as some of its leaves point upwards, while some just sticks out.

Gasteria 'Little Warty'

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 10A
  • Light: This plant mainly enjoys the summer heat, but do not directly expose it to sunlight.
  • Temperature:
    If the weather gets colder than 30° F, it’s best to let this plant stay indoors.
  • Water: Only water this plant when the soil is completely dry. Water less during the winter and do not let the water stay in between its leaves.
  • Problems/Issues: The Little Warty is prone to having dark spots on its leaves caused by fungal diseases.

General Care For Gasteria 'Little Warty'

Container – The Little Warty is shallow-rooted.

It's best to plant this in a wide and shallow container that can be brought indoors.

Soil – A cactus soil mix will let this Gasteria thrive well. Choose a soil mix with sand. It’s best to fertilize this during the summer with cactus fertilizers.

Pincushion Cactus "Mammillara"

  • Order: Caryophyllales Family: Cactaceae Subfamily: Cactoideae Tribe: Cacteae Subtribe: Cactinae Genus: Mammillaria
  • Native: Mexico, Southwestern United States, Caribbean, Colombia, Venezuela, Guatemala, and Honduras

There are 250 species, but for the most part they are short, stocky, orb or cylindered shaped cactus.

*Please note:

There are 250 species of pincushion cactus (such as Giant Snake, Snowball Cushion, Old Lady), however, they are all grown and taken care of in the same manner*

Pincushion Cactus (Mammillara)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: Depends on the plant
  • Light: Cactus like temperatures between 50-75°F, but prefer the higher temperatures.  They also prefer direct light.
  • Temperature: Cactus only need to be water every two-three weeks.  Just like other succulents, give them a nice soaking but don’t allow them to sit in the water.  Also water them more infrequently in the winter time.
  • Water: This has moderate water needs, which means that you shouldn’t water it if the top soil is still moist or wet.
  • Problems/Issues: Like other succulents, if cactus will develop disease such as stem rot, root rot, or soft rot. They can develop cactus anthracnose, sun burn and they can attract spider mites and mealy bugs.  Also note that cactus are prickly, so you should keep them out of the reach of small children and use care when handling them.

General Care Pincushion Cactus "Mammillara"

Container- Pincushions should be grown in unglazed clay or other porous pots.  There needs to be at least one drainage hole on the bottom.

Soil-  Pincushions should be grown in cacti potting soil or soil that has good drainage and a bit gritty, with a sandy top layer. You should also add small gravel to the base of cactus. You can fertilize once a month during the spring and summer seasons. You can use a diluted houseplant general-purpose fertilizer.

You can also give your cactus a little cactus food in the early spring.

Graptopetalum Paraguayense "Ghost Plant"

  • Other known name: Mother of Pearl
  • Order: Saxifragales Family: Crassulaceae Genus: Graptopetalum
  • Native: Mexico

Ghost plants grow in concentrated leaves that form a rosette.  

The leaves start out wider (and can be up to several inches wide) and as they go up forming the rosette, the leaves get skinner (and can be less than an inch thick).  

The stems on the ghost plants are fragile and trail along.   One interesting thing about ghost plants, are that the leaves grow from the center of the rosette out.  

The leaves are covered in pruinose, which is a powdery substance, that gives it, its ghost look.  

They have the ability to range and change color, depending on the amount of light they receive. If ghost plants are in full sun, the leaves are somewhat luminous in a yellowish pink color.  

If the ghost plant receives partial light, the leaves turn a bluish-gray; and if the ghost plant is in grueling heat, the leaves are grey with an overtone of pink.  

As the ghost plant matures, it has a lanky appearance; however, to get rid of the lanky appearance, you can pinch the leaves back.  If you are lucky, your ghost plant will grow little, yellow flowers.

Ghost Plant (Graptopetalum Paraguayense)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 8b-11
  • Light: Ghost plants can survive in partial light but prefers full light.
  • Temperature: They can survive in temperatures as low as 25°F; however, they prefer temperatures above 55°F.
  • Water: Ghost plants need to be watered when their soil becomes dry a few inches deep or the leaves start to shrivel. You want to give them a soaking but don’t allow them to sit in the water. During the winter months, you only want to water them once a month.
  • Problems/Issues: Ghost plants have very fragile stems, so you are going to pick a spot and leave them there.  They can also suffer root rot, and can attract mealybugs, vine weevil and aphids.

General Care For Graptopetalum Paraguayense "Ghost Plant"

 

 

   

Graptoveria ‘Fred Ives’ "Fred Ives"

  • Other names: Echeveria Fred Ives
  • Family: Crassulaceae Genus: Graptoveria
  • Native: Mexico

The Fred Ives is a rosette-forming succulent with dense pinkish purple leaves.

When exposed to the sun, its leaves can change to different colors like yellow-orange and blue-green. It could grow up to eight inches tall and up to 1 foot wide. It has yellow flowers that blooms every summer.

Graptoveria ‘Fred Ives’

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9A to 11B
  • Light:
     It needs at least six hours of light exposure daily.
  • Temperature:
    If the temperature gets colder than 20° F, it’s best to bring this plant indoors.
  • Water:
    This has moderate water needs, which means that you shouldn’t water it if the top soil is still moist or wet.
  • Problems/Issues: The Fred Ives is prone to overwatering that could cause root rots. It can also be infested by pets.

General Care For Graptoveria ‘Fred Ives’

Container – You can use an indoor container with at least 6 inches of depth.

Soil – Choose a potting mix with peat or sand with a bit of compost.

Graptoveria 'Silver Star'

  • Other name: Graptotetalum
  • Family: Crassulaceae Genus: Graptoveria
  • Native: Mexico

The Silver Star has greenish-gray leaves that could form as a dome-like rosette.

The tips of its leaves could have a rosy color when exposed to the sun. It could grow up to six inches tall and also six inches in diameter.It has pink and white flowers that only blossom in spring.

Silver Star (Graptoveria 'Silver Star)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 10A to 11B
  • Light: 
  • Temperature: The silver star can tolerate a bit of cold, but if the temperature has already dropped to 10° F, then it’s best to bring this indoors.
  • Water: It can only handle moderate watering. There’s no need to wait for the soil to be completely dry until the bottom. You can already water this if the top soil of at 5 inches down is already dry.
  • Problems/Issues:
    It is prone to root rot and pest infestation.

General Care For Graptoveria 'Silver Star

Container – This is a good container plant but choose a container with excellent drainage.

Soil – The soil should have peat, sand, grit, and a bit of compost.

Hylotelephium Sieboldii "October Daphne"

  • Other known names: Misebaya, October Plant, October Stonecrop, Stonecrop, Showy Stonecrop
  • Order: Saxifragales Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Tribe: Umbilicinae Genus: Hylotelephium
  • Native: Japan

October daphne bulbous, heap with parallel branches that come from central point.  The leaves are bulbous in shape and can either have blue-green or silver blue leaves.  The leaves spiral around the stem and have clusters of star shaped, bright pink flowers.

October Daphne (Hylotelephium Sieboldii)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 6a-9b
  • Light: It likes to have full light, but during the extreme heat, it likes to have some shade.
  • Temperature:
    October daphne is a hardy plant.  It can survive as low as -10°F; however, during the winter it prefers to be around 45-50°F.
  • Water:
    It likes to have a good soaking and then to dry out between waterings.  During the winter, you should water October daphnes less.
  • Problems/Issues: October daphnes can develop root rot and attract aphids, scale and mealybugs.

General Care For Hylotelephium Sieboldii "October Daphne"

Container- October daphne need to be in containers that have excellent drainage; they also do well in hanging baskets.

Soil- They should be planted in soil-based compost that is mixed with coarse sand or perlite.  If you want to fertilize, you can use a standard liquid fertilizer, which is diluted.  If you fertilize, you should do it every two weeks during the growing season.

Hatiora Salicornioides "Dancing Bones"

  • Other names: Drunkard’s Dream, Spice Cactus, Bottle Cactus
  • Order: Caryophyllales Family: Cactoeae Subfamily: Cactoideae Tribe: Rhipsalideae Genus: Hatiora
  • Native: Brazil
Dancing bones is a lanky, upright, elliptical, moderately shaggy cactus; that can reach 2 feet tall (in the wild).  Dancing bones produce flowers which are an orangish-yellow color and belled shaped.
Dancing Bones (Hatiora Salicornioides)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 10a-12
  • Light: Dancing bones like indirect light but likes morning and evening light; however, dancing bones like long nights, (up to 14 hours of darkness), and you can do this by covering them with a brown paper bag.
  • Temperature:
    During spring, summer and autumn, dancing bones like temperatures between 75°F and 80°F; and during winter it prefers temperatures between 45°F and 65°F. Drafts can kill it. 
  • Water: You should keep the soil slightly moist and during the summer months, water it every 3 to 5 days. During the months of October through December, you should water it once a week. You need to remember though, you don’t want to over water it and let it sit in water.
  • Problems/Issues: When the flowers appear on dancing bones, you should not move them because their flowers are very fragile.  You also need to give it a months’ rest, after it flowers, so rarely water it.  If dancing bones start to spot, it means it has received too much light.  Also dancing bones can attract mealybugs and spider mites and be subject to root rot.

General Care For Hatiora Salicornioides "Dancing Bones"

Container

- Dancing bones need to have a container that has excellent drainage.  You can also place them in a hanging basket.

Soil- You can plant dancing bones in cacti potting soil or use regular potting soil mixed with either tree bark or perlite.  If you want to fertilize, you can once a month in spring and summer, using a cacti fertilizer that is high in potassium.

Haworthia Fasciata "Zebra Plant"

  • Other names: Zebra Haworthia
  • Family: Asphodelaceae Subfamily: Asphodeloideae Genus: Haworthia
  • Native: South Africa (Eastern Cape)

Based on its name as the Zebra Plant, the Haworthia Fasciata has thick dark green leaves with white stripes. The leaves are triangular in shape and point upwards. It has white flowers that bloom in October and November.

Zebra Plant (Haworthia Fasciata)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 10
  • Light: When it comes to lighting, the Zebra Plants need plenty of sun, so when placed indoors, make sure that it is placed where it could get direct sunlight for at least 10 hours.
  • Temperature: The temperature it is in shouldn’t reach below 50°F. Keep this plant in a place that is 65°F – 80°F in temperature.
  • Water: It can only handle moderate watering. There’s no need to wait for the soil to be completely dry until the bottom. You can already water this if the top soil of at 5 inches down is already dry.
  • Problems/Issues: It is prone to root rot and pest infestation.

General Care For Zebra Plant "Haworthia Fasciata"

Container – You can plant this on medium-sized containers with drainage. 

It’s best to use containers that can be used indoors as it also grows well indoors.

Soil – You can use a cactus mix with peat for this plant.

Kalanchoe Thyrsiflora "Flapjack Paddle Plant"

  • Other known names: Paddle Plant, Dessert Cabbage
  • Order: Saxifragales Family: Crassulaceae Genus: Kalanchoe
  • Native: South Africa
Flapjack paddle plants have a rosette that is made of horizontal, smooth, oar shaped leaves.  The leaves are a greenish-gray color; however, when they are exposed to the sun, the leaves take on a reddish tint to them. Mature flowers can have yellow flowers, which are very aromatic.
Flapjack Paddle Plant

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 10a-11
  • Light: They prefer bright light, if you place them in a window, turn them weekly so the whole plant receives light.
  • Temperature: Flapjack paddle plants don’t like temperatures below 50°F and prefers temperatures between 60-85°F. 
  • Water: Give flapjack paddle plants a good soaking when the first two inches of their soil becomes dry, and allow them to dry out between each time you water them.  You should avoid getting their leaves wet.
  • Problems/Issues: paddle plants can suffer from root rot and can also attract mealybugs.

General Care For Kalanchoe Thyrsiflora "Flapjack Paddle Plant"

 

 

Kalanchoe Pumila "Flower Dust Plant"

  • Other names: Kalanchoe Pumila Baker, Silver Gray
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Genus: Kalanchoe
  • Native: Madagascar

This is a dwarf succulent shrub that has medicinal values. It has a few light spots and its leaves have spiky edges.

It could grow up to 12 inches tall. It has pink-violet flowers with yellow anthers. It spreads as it grows and the light spots plus the waxy hairs that its leaves make it seem as if it’s frosted.

Flower Dust Plant (Kalanchoe Pumila)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9A
  • Light: 
  • Temperature: This succulent loves the warmth. It should be taken in a controlled space if the temperature outside drops below 55ºF.
  • Water: It can only handle moderate watering. There’s no need to wait for the soil to be completely dry until the bottom. You can already water this if the top soil of at 5 inches down is already dry.
  • Problems/Issues: It is prone to root rot and pest infestation.

General Care For Flower Dust Plant

Container – This can be planted on regular containers with drainage, but it’s best to have this planted on a hanging container.

Soil – This needs light soil that is well-draining. It thrives well on any succulent potting mix.

Lithops Helmutii "Living Stones"

  • Order: Caryophyllales Family: Aizoaeae Subfamily: Ruschioideae Tribe: Ruschieae Genus: Lithops
  • Native: South Africa
Living stones are roughly an inch and a half tall and look like rocks, with their two leaves. They are not completely intermixed and are slightly luminous. They are very light/pale green. They can develop flowers which are yellow with a white center.
Living Stones (Lithops Helmutii)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9b-11
  • Light: Living stones prefer full light and should be placed in a southern facing window.
  • Temperature: Excess heat can kill living stones and they don’t like temperatures lower then 40°F, but can survive as low as 25°F. 
  • Water: Living stones have a definite cycle that they follow.  During the fall, you should give living stones the most amount of water, (that is when their growing season is), by soaking it then allowing it to dry between waterings.  During the spring, you should give them a light watering.  Then during the winter and summer, you shouldn’t water it because this is the living stones dormant period.
  • Problems/Issues: Living stones can get root rot and can also attract spider mites.  Another important note is that if living stones become stressed they can become toxic, also if you use certain insecticides they can become toxic, so you should be cautious with them.

General Care For Lithops Helmutii "Living Stones"

Container- Living stones need containers with excellent drainage and that are between 3 and 5 inches deep.

Soil- You should use cacti planting soil or use potting soil that has been mixed with sand.

Kalanchoe tomentosa "Panda Plant"

  • Other known name:Pussy Ears
  • Order: Saxifragales Family: Crassulaceae Genus: Kalachoe
  • Native: Madagascar

Panda plants that are grown indoors are limited in their size by the container, so they grow to be about two feet tall and about two feet around. Their leaves are trimmed in a brownish-red color and covered with white or silver hairs that make the plants look and feel velvety.

Panda Plant (Kalanchoe tomentosa)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9b-11
  • Light: It prefers direct sunlight in either the early morning or late afternoon. It does best in bright, indirect light.
  • Temperature:
    Panda plant loves temperatures between 60° and 75°F.
  • Water:
    Panda plant will die if it is over watered.  You should only water the plant when the soil becomes completely dry.  When you water it, you soak the plant; however, you don’t want to let the plant to sit in water.
  • Problems/Issues: Disease that could occur with panda plant are root rot, soft rot, fungal stem rot and leaf rot.  Panda plants can attract mealy bugs. It is important to note, that the leaves of panda plants are toxic, so you need to keep your plant out of reach of small children and animals.

General Care For Kalanchoe Tomentosa "Panda Plant"

Container- You want to use a terra-cotta or other porous material, with at least one hole in the bottom. 

They can also be grown in hanging pots.

Soil- You can plant the panda plant in either succulent potting mix or a soil mixture that is mixed with course sand, that has broken pieces of clay pot pieces on the bottom. During the spring and summer months you can add a weak fertilizer to it, but only once a month.

Mammillaria Elongata "Ladyfinger Cactus"

  • Other names: Ladyfinger, Gold Lace Cactus
  • Family: Cactaceae Genus: Mammillaria
  • Native: United States and Mexico

The Ladyfinger Cactus has densely packed elongated clusters. It green and orange in color and has yellow and/or brown spines.

Ladyfinger Cactus (Mammillaria Elongata)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9b-11
  • Light: It loves the sunlight, but make sure to avoid overexposure. It thrives well with just four hours of sunlight daily.
  • Temperature: It loves temperatures between 60° and 75°F.
  • Water: There is no need to water this plant during winter. During other seasons, only water if the soil is already dry.
  • Problems/Issues: This plant is prone to fungal diseases.

General Care For Mammillaria Elongata "Ladyfinger Cactus"

Container – It’s best to use a container that you can bring indoors. It’s important that you choose a container that allows the draining.

Soil – It needs a well-draining cactus mix.

Opuntia microdasys albata "Bunny Ears"

  • Other names: Angel Wings, Polka-dots Cactus, Opuntia Microdasys
  • Family: Cactaceae Genus: Opuntia
  • Native: Central and Northern Mexico

Almost true to its name, this cactus type of plant looks like the ears of a bunny.

It has flat and oval stems that could grow up to 18 inches tall. It forms as a dense shrub and has white or yellow aureoles or glochids on its pads.

Bunny Ears (Opuntia Microdasys Albata)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9A
  • Light: It prefers direct sunlight in either the early morning or late afternoon. It does best in bright, indirect light.
  • Temperature: Keep this is in a place where the temperature is 70-100° F. If the temperature gets colder than 20° F, you should bring this indoors.
  • Water: – Its soil should be kept moist during its first season. The watering should become less after the first season. During winter, you should not water this plant.
  • Problems/Issues:
    This is prone to stem base rot and shriveling patches when overwatered. Mealy bugs can also affect this plant’s appearance.

General Care For Opuntia Microdasys Albata "Bunny Ears"

Container

– Choose a wide container for this plant as it could grow wide and need some space. Drainage is also a must.

Soil – The Bunny Ears thrives well on sandy soil with perlite or bark.

Pachyveria Glauca "Little Jewel"

  • Other names: Pachyveria Glauca ‘Bea’, Pachyveria ‘Bea’
  • Family: Crassulaceae Genus: x Pachyveria
  • Native: Mexico

Bluish gray in color, the Little Jewel is a rosette-forming succulent that could grow up to six inches tall. Its leaves are a bit fleshy and changes to the color maroon when exposed to the sun. During winter, its peach-colored flowers bloom.

Little Jewel (Pachyveria Glauca)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9A to 11B
  • Light: plant is heat-tolerant and needs at least six hours of sunlight exposure daily.
  • Temperature: Keep this is in a place where the temperature is 70-100° F. If the temperature gets colder than 20° F, you should bring this indoors.
  • Water: – You should only water this plant when the soil is already dry. Avoid letting its leaves sit on water for a long time.
  • Problems/Issues: Prone to mealy bug infestation. Be on the lookout for white cottony substances when checking for this.

General Care For ​Pachyveria Glauca "Little Jewel"

Container

– You can use small to medium-sized containers for its rosettes. However, the Little Jewel is best planted outdoors.

Soil – This needs a gritty soil mix with peat or sand.

Plectranthus Prostratus "Tangled Hearts"

  • Other names: Succulent Swedish Ivy, Pillow Plant
  • Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae Subfamily: Nepetoideae Tribe: Ocimeae Genus: Plectranthus
  • Native: South Africa
Tangled heart is a modest succulent, that has multiple stems. Tangled heart leaves are lime green with purple lining the edges; they are also dense, teeny and hairy. The flowers it produces are teeny, white and have hints of purple in them.
Tangled Hearts (Plectranthus Prostratus)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 10a-11
  • Light: It likes bright-indirect light, and enjoys being in a southern faced window.
  • Temperature: Tangled hearts can handle temperatures as low as 30°F and the frost doesn’t affect the flowering.  In the summer it prefers temperatures between 70-75°F and during the winter it prefers temperatures between 60-65°F.
  • Water: You should give tangled hearts a good soaking then allow the soil to dry between waterings.  You should not allow tangled hearts to sit in water.
  • Problems/Issues:
    Tangled hearts can get leaf spots and root rot.  They can also attract mealybugs, spider mites, scale and aphids.

General Care For Plectranthus Prostratus "Tangled Hearts"

Container- Tangled hearts do well in hanging baskets, that have at least one drainage hole.

Soil- You should plant them in soil-based potting soil with perlite added to it.

Peperomia Graveolens "Ruby Glow"

  • Other names: Ruby Glow Peperomia, Ruby Peperomia
  • Family: Piperaceae Genus: Peperomia
  • Native: Peru and Ecuador

The Ruby Glow is a shrub-like succulent that could grow up to 10 inches tall.

Ruby Glow (Peperomia Graveolens)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9A
  • Light: Avoid exposing this to direct sunlight. Partial lighting is best for this plant. This plant will thrive indoors, and you can use fluorescent grow lights.
  • Temperature:
    The Peperomia doesn’t enjoy a freezing weather. Try to keep it in a temperature that’s around for 65˚F to 75˚F.
  • Water: The soil it’s on should be moist. A bit of spraying on the leaves would also do it good.
  • Problems/Issues: It’s very easy to have this overwatered and when it is, the plant easily wilts and have scab-like protrusions on its leaves. It’s also prone to be infested by mealy bugs.

General Care For

Pleiospilos Nelii "Split Rock"

  • Other names: Royal Flush, Royal Flush Split Rock, Pleiospilos Penduculata, Pleiospilos Tiliaceus Color
  • Family: Aizoaceae Subfamily: Ruschioideae Genus: Pleiospilos
  • Native: South Africa

This perennial succulent is egg-shaped and has a cleft in the middle.

It only produces a pair of leaves yearly, and these leaves are grayish-green in color. It looks like a rock that’s split in two, hence its name.

It has a rosy purple color with dark spots all over. In winter, its orange flowers bloom. Interestingly, its flowers smell like coconut.

Split Rock (Pleiospilos Nelii)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9B to 11B
  • Light: It enjoys the bright shade of sunlight. Make sure to expose this to light for at least six hours.
  • Temperature: won’t thrive in really cold areas. Avoid placing it in a place with a temperature that is below 30° F.
  • Water: The Split Rock is drought-tolerant. There is no need to water this during winter but do water when the soil is already dry during other seasons.
  • Problems/Issues: The good thing is that the Split Rock is generally pest-resistant. What you need to avoid is overwatering this plant. Avoid using poor draining soil as it could also affect this plant’s growth.

 

 

Soil – This plant prefers gritty soil with pebbles or small rocks. You can just use a cactus potting mix that is loam-based.

Portulacaria Afra "Elephant Bush"

  • Other names: Elephant Food, Elephant’s Food, Elephant Plant, Miniature Jade, Dwarf Jade, Dwarf Jade Plant, Small Leaf Jade, Porkbush
  • Family: Portulacaceae Subfamily: Portulacarioideae Genus: Portulacaria
  • Native: South Africa and Swaziland

The Elephant Bush is a succulent shrub that looks like a small tree.

It could grow up to 15 feet tall and it has round small leaves that grow from its woody stems. Its flowers are star-shaped and pink in color.

Elephant Bush (Portulacaria Afra)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9B to 11B
  • Light: It doesn’t do well under the intense sunlight. Keep it under a partially shaded area.
  • Temperature: It won’t thrive in a temperature that’s colder than 30° F.
  • Water: This is drought-tolerant but it’s best to have this plant’s soil regularly checked. Once the soil is already completely dry, then you should water it.
  • Problems/Issues: Its leaves could easily fall off when it’s overwatered.

General Care For

Schlumbergera Truncata "Christmas Cactus"

  • Other names: Thanksgiving Cactus, Holiday Cactus, Claw Cactus, Yoke Cactus, Crab Cactus
  • Family: Cactaceae Subfamily: Cactoideae Genus: Schlumbergera
  • Native: Mountains of South Eastern Brazil

This is named as the Thanksgiving and Holiday Cactus for a reason. It blooms in November to January and its flowers can be colored pink, red, orange, or white. Its leaves seem to have teeth and could grow up to 2.4 inches.

Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera Truncata)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 11A
  • Light: This is a tropical plant that does not thrive when it’s freezing, but this also shouldn’t be exposed to too much heat and sunlight. If the temperature gets higher than 30° F, it should be taken to a controlled environment.
  • Temperature: It likes 50-60% humidity and should be exposed to light for 10-12 hours.
  • Water: Avoid flooding with water. Use the soak and dry method, wherein you only water this plant when the top soil is already completely dry.
  • Problems/Issues: It could be a challenge to make this plant bloom, especially if it’s not in a controlled environment.

General Care For Schlumbergera Truncata "Christmas Cactus"

Container – You should have it planted on containers that can be brought indoors. Avoid planting it in big pots.

Soil

Sedum morganianum "Burro’s Tail"

  • Other known names: Horse’s Tail, Lamb’s Tail
  • Order: Saxifragales Family: Crassulaceae Genus: Sedum
  • Native: Southern Mexico and Honduras

It is a dwarf shrub, that has stems that creep behind it.  Burro’s tail has lanced shaped, blue-green leaves that form a braided appearance.  

Rarely burro’s tail that is grown indoors develop small, pinkish red, star shaped flowers.

Burro’s Tail (Sedum Morganianum)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9a-11
  • Light: You have to accustomed burro’s tail to bright light, and then once it is accustomed to it, it likes bright light.
  • Temperature: Burro’s tail likes temperatures about 40°F. 
  • Water: Soak the burro’s tail, then allow the soil to almost dry out between waterings, then reduce the frequency in the fall and winter.  Sometimes, you only need to water burro’s tail only once a month, during the winter months.
  • Problems/Issues: Mealy bugs, root rot and sometimes the leaves will wilt.

General Care For Sedum Morganianum "Burro’s Tail"

Container

- Its best to keep burro’s tail in a hanging basket, that is well drained.

Soil- You can either use cactus mix or a mixture of regular soil, perlite, pumice and small pea gravel.  You can fertilize it with cactus food once or twice a year.

Sedum Nussbaumerianum "Coppertone Sedum"

  • Other names: Coppertone Stonecrop, Nussbaumer’s Sedum
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Genus: Sedum
  • Native: Mexico

This is a low-growing perennial and evergreen shrub that turns into a copper color when exposed to the sun for a long period of time. Its stem elongates for up to three inches. Naturally, its leaves are yellow-green and sometimes a bit red. Its blossoms are white.

Coppertone Sedum (Sedum Nussbaumerianum)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9A to 11B
  • Light: It needs at least 6 hours of light exposure.
  • Temperature: This prefers cooler places with the temperature of at least 30° F.
  • Water: Soak the burro’s tail, then allow the soil to almost dry out between waterings, then reduce the frequency in the fall and winter.  Sometimes, you only need to water burro’s tail only once a month, during the winter months.
  • Problems/Issues:
    Mealy bugs, root rot and sometimes the leaves will wilt.

General Care For Coppertone Sedum

Container – This can be grown directly on the ground or in containers with drainage.You can also plant this on a hanging container.

Soil What’s important is that you use a well-draining soil. You should only fertilize its soil annually with a balanced fertilizer.

Sedum Rubrotinctum "Pork and Beans"

  • Other names: Jelly Bean Plant, Brown Beans, Christmas Cheer, Banana Cactus
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Genus: Sedum
  • Native: Mexico

This evergreen and perennial succulent has spreading and leaning leaves that can grow up to eight inches tall. Its leaves are shaped like jelly beans, hence the name it is popular in. The leaves are mainly green, but when it is exposed to the sun, the tip of the beans turn red. Sometimes, especially during summer, the tips turn bronze.

Pork and Beans (Sedum Rubrotinctum)

Quick Facts:

  • Light:
     It also requires at least 6 hours of light exposure.
  • Temperature:
    This prefer warm places and it shouldn’t stay in a place that is colder than 20° F.
  • Water: This doesn’t need to be watered all the time. You can wait for the soil to dry out before watering it again. It’s better to have this plant underwatered rather than overwatered.
  • Problems/Issues: is not suited for indoor growing. It can easily die when it is overwatered.

General Care For Sedum Rubrotinctum "Pork And Beans"

Container – This is very easy to grow and so you can use any container you prefer, as long as the container has a drainage hole. You can also have it planted directly on the ground.

Soil – It can thrive on regular potting soil. It doesn’t need to be fertilized.

Sempervivum 'Pacific Devil's Food' "Hens and Chicks"

  • Other names: Pacific Devil’s Food, Chocolate Kiss
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Genus: Sempervivum
  • Native: United States
The Pacific Devil’s Food is a perennial has leaves that are almost crimson in color.The leaves are also shiny and also form as a rosette. It is great for beginners as it is easy to care for. Its flowers are pink in color.
Sempervivum 'Pacific Devil's Food'

Quick Facts:

  • Light:
     This should be under the light for a minimum of six hours.
  • Temperature:
    It needs to be kept in an area with at least -30° F in temperature.
  • Water: As a drought-tolerant plant, the Pacific Devil’s food shouldn’t be watered often. It should be kept dry during winter. It needs at least six hours of light exposure.
  • Problems/Issues: This plant attracts bees and it is monocarpic. Once this plant blooms, it dies.

General Care For Sempervivum 'Pacific Devil's Food'

Container

– This thrives well as an outdoor plant, so it’s best to plant it outdoors. When planting in a container, make sure its roots can spread well.

Soil – You can use regular soil with this as it is an adaptable plant.

Sempervivum 'Royanum' "Houseleek"

  • Other names: Hen and Chickens, Sempervivum Tectorum ‘Royanum’
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Genus: Sempervivum
  • Native: The mountains of Southern Europe

The Sempervivum ‘Royanum’ is a rosette-forming evergreen succulent that could grow up to 5 inches in diameter.It has yellowish-green leaves that are red on the tips. It’s a flowering plant that produces star-shaped reddish-purple flowers.

Houseleek (Sempervivum 'Royanum')

Quick Facts:

  • Light: It requires full sun shade of at least six hours daily.
  • Temperature: This plant enjoys warm temperatures of 65 to 75 °F.
  • Water: Keep the soil moderately moist while germinating. However, after germination, only water if the soil is already dry.
  • Problems/Issues: Prone to root rot when it is overwatered.

General Care For Sempervivum 'Royanum' "Houseleek"

Container – Use a small to medium-sized container that’s shallow and allow smooth drainage. It’s best to grow this plant outdoors.

Soil – It’s best to use a well-drained gritty mix with peat when it comes to planting this Houseleek. It doesn’t need to fertilizers to thrive healthily.

Senecio Barbertonicus "Succulent Bush Senecio"

  • Other names: Barberton Senecio, Barberton Groundsel
  • Family: Asteraceae Subfamily: Asteroideae Genus: Senecio
  • Native: South Africa

This evergreen succulent bush can grow up to six feet tall.

Its leaves are long and finger-like and could grow up to four inches. This also has flowers that are yellow in color and could elongate for up to three inches.

Succulent Bush Senecio

Quick Facts:

  • Light: It can thrive under the full sun or partial shade. What’s important is that it receives light for at least six hours a day.
  • Temperature:
    It’s best to plant this during the summer or early June as it loves the warm weather. If the temperature gets colder than 30 ° F, it would be better to bring this indoors.
  • Water: The method soak and dry is what works best for this. Do not water if the soil is still wet from watering it previously.
  • Problems/Issues: It can be affected by scale and mealy bugs. When it gets really tall, it gets floppy, so make sure you have it pruned from time to time.

General Care For Senecio Barbertonicus "Succulent Bush Senecio"

Container

Soil – This needs soil with softwood cuttings or sand. It prefers slightly acidic to slightly alkaline soil but would still thrive in normal soil.

You should only fertilize its soil annually to avoid over fertilizing.

Senecio Haworthii "Cocoon Plant"

  • Other names: Wooly Senecio
  • Family: Asteraceae Subfamily: Asteroideae Genus: Senecio
  • Native: South Africa

This perennial dwarf succulent shrub has whitish and cylindrical leaves that grow upwards. It could grow up to 1 foot tall. It looks a bit hairy and the flowers it bears are bright yellow in color.

Cocoon Plant (Senecio Haworthii)

Quick Facts:

  • Light: It’s fine to fully or partially expose it to the sun for 6-12 hours.
  • Temperature: This plant doesn’t like the cold weather, even if it looks cool with its white color. When the temperature rises to 30° F, take this plant indoors.
  • Water: Thrives well on dry soil so do not overwater. Wait for the soil to completely dry out before watering again.
  • Problems/Issues: Prone to getting scales and mealy bugs. It can also get floppy or weighed down as it grows taller. This can be toxic to animals so avoid placing it where pets can reach it.

General Care For Senecio Haworthii "Cocoon Plant"

Container – You can plant this directly on the ground or in any containers with drainage holes.

It’s best to pot it in a small to medium-sized container so that you can easily take it indoors when needed.

Soil – This can only thrive on well-draining soil. Potting mixes with sand or perlites would work well with this.

Senecio Radicans "String of Bananas"

  • Other names: Curio Radicans, String of Pearls, Banana Vine, Necklace Plant, SYting of Fishbooks, Fishbook Senecio, Creeping Berry
  • Family: Asteraceae Subfamily: Asteroideae Genus: Curio
  • Native: South Africa, Lesotho, Namibia

A fast-growing trailing succulent with the shape of little bananas. This plant can trail up to three feet. Its tiny banana leaves can grow up to 1.2 inches long. The fish hook leaves this plant has are also semi-translucent on the sides.

String of Bananas (Senecio Radicans)

Quick Facts:

  • Light: It’s fine to fully or partially expose it to the sun for 6-12 hours.
  • Temperature: This succulent cannot survive in a very cold environment. In fact, it prefers a warm environment that’s about 55˚F. To avoid frosting when the weather is cold, it’s best to put this plant indoors.
  • Water: This should only be watered when its soil is completely dry.
  • Problems/Issues: When this plant gets tall, it gets floppy. It is also prone to pests like scales and mealy bugs.

General Care For Senecio Radicans "String Of Bananas"

Container – It should be planted on a regular or hanging indoor container.

Soil – A well-draining soil is what will make this plant thrive. A common gritty mix can be used and when it comes to fertilizing, it should only be done annually to avoid legging.

Senecio rowleyanus "String of Pearls"

  • Other known names: String of Peas, Rosary, String of Beads
  • Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Genus: Senecio
  • Native: Southwest Africa

String of pearls is a vine plant, with green leaves that are the in the shape and size of a pea.  The leaves have a darker green area on them that is known as a window; where, during the spring, little white flowers grow at.

String of Pearls (Senecio rowleyanus)

Quick Facts:

  • Light: String of pearls like indirect, light, with the occasional direct light.
  • Temperature: String of pearls like 72°F, it does not like temperatures over 100°F and will can die if the temperature drops below 45°F.  However, during the winter months, when the string of pearls is in hibernation, it prefers temperatures between 50-55°F.
  • Water: Like other succulents if the String of Pearls is over watered it will die, and should only be watered when the soil becomes extremely dry. When you water it, give it a good soaking but don’t allow it to sit in water. During the winter months, water the String of Pearls more infrequently.
  • Problems/Issues: Like the other succulents, disease that could occur are root rot, soft rot and leaf rot. Another important note is that String of Pearls’ leaves are toxic, so keep it out of the reach of small children and animals.

General Care For Senecio rowleyanus "String of Pearls "

Container- Pot with at least one hole in the bottom for drainage. String of pearls can also be grown in hanging pots.

Soil- You can use either cactus or succulent potting soil.  

You can give string of pearls liquid fertilizer once in the spring and once in the summer.

Senecio Serpens "Blue Chalksticks"

  • Other name: Senecio Serpens G.D.Rowley
  • Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Genus: Sempervivum
  • Native: South Africa (Cape Province)

This is a perennial and evergreen succulent with finger-like and fleshy leaves that are blue-grayish in color.

It can grow up to eight inches tall and 3.3 feet wide with small white flowers.

Blue Chalksticks (Senecio Serpens)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 9B to 11B
  • Light: It needs at least 6 hours of light exposure.
  • Temperature: It can become stagnant when the weather is a bit cold. It grows actively during warmer months. It thrives well when the temperature is 20˚F to 55˚F.
  • Water:
    Do not leave this on wet soil for too long. It is drought-tolerant so it’s better to leave this underwatered.
  • Problems/Issues: When ingested, this can be toxic to both humans and animals. Since it could grow tall, it could get leggy.

General Care For Senecio Serpens "Blue Chalksticks"

Container – This is a good container plant, so it could thrive on any containers.

Soil – You can plant this on sandy soil. Make sure that you only put a little bit of fertilizer when you do.

Yucca Filamentosa "Adam’s Needle"

  • Common names: Common Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Bear-grass, Needle-palm, Silk Grass
  • Order: Asparagales Family: Asparagaceae Subfamily: Agavoideae Genus: Yucca
  • Native: Southern United States, Caribbean

Adam’s needle has compressed, dark green rosette of leaves, which give off a peculiar blue cast.  The leaves also are lanky and end with a point.  During the summer the snow white, bell-shaped, aromatic flowers bloom.

Adam’s Needle (Yucca Filamentosa)

Quick Facts:

  • USDA Zone: 5a-10b
  • Light: It prefers full light, with some shade.
  • Temperature: Adam’s needle is frost hardy and can survive in temperatures as low as -20°F, but prefers warmer temperatures.
  • Water: You should give it a good soaking, then allow it to dry out between waterings.
  • Problems/Issues: Adam’s needle can suffer from root rot.  It can get dusty, so you should dust it, but make sure you use gloves because of the points on the leaves.  Adam’s needle can attract scale or mealybugs.

General Care For Yucca Filamentosa "Adam’s Needle"

Container- Adam’s needles need to containers that have excellent drainage.

Soil- You should plant them in succulent soil.  If you want to fertilize, you should use a standard fertilizer, that has been diluted to half strength and you should fertilize them once in spring and once in summer.

Common Problems with Succulents and How to Fix Them

What are mealybugs?

Mealybugs look like a white, silky, lumps that appear on your plant; while they are feeding they excrete honeydew, which causes the plants to become sticky.  

They feed off the plants’ sap, which can lead to yellowing of leaves and curling of the plant.  

The honeydew the mealybugs excrete causes other problems for your plants, besides showing that your plant is infected by mealybugs, it will encourage sooty mold.  

Eventually, mealybugs will kill the plant that infects.

How to get rid of mealy bugs on succulents

You shouldn’t over fertilize or over water your plants; they are attracted to the significant amount of nitrogen that is being produced.  

You should start out by pruning the infected areas.  You can also get a Q-tip that has rubbing alcohol on it and put a drop on each mealybug you find.  

If your plant can handle the cold air, you can place the plant next to a window, which will force the mealybugs to the other side of the plant, and it will make it easier for you to see them.  

You can buy insects that will feed off of mealybugs, such as, ladybugs, lacewing and cryptolaemus montrouzieri.  

You can also use insecticides to destroy mealybugs.  

Once the mealybugs are gone or even a good way to keep them from being attracted to your succulent is to use neem oil on the foliage of the plants.  

Neem oil has properties that repel and encourage an antifeed, but also keep your succulent looking beautiful.

Spider mites

Spider mites are tiny arachnids, that like to feed off of the sap that is produced by succulents. You might actually overlook them and the first time you noticed they are there is when you notice what looks like a spider web on your succulent.  

It is important to note, that spider mites are not like the normal insects that are attracted to succulents because they are arachnids, so normal bug pesticides may not work on killing them.

How to Treat Spider Mites on Succulents and Cacti

You shouldn’t overwater your succulent and you should dust your succulent, frequently; spider mites are attracted to the stress that over watering causes and the dust.  

If you see spider mites, you should pick them off and then dispose of them. As soon as you notice the web, make sure you wipe it off of the succulent.  

You can buy insects that feed off of spider mites, such as, ladybugs, lacewing and predatory mites.  You can use all natural pesticides that are for arachnid insects, if your succulent gets spider mites.  

You can also use system insecticides, that your succulent will absorb into its system and then when the spider mites feed off of the succulent, it enters the spider mites and kills them.  

You can also use insecticidal soap to wash you succulent off with and natural insecticides.Once the spider mites are gone or even a good preventive measure is to use neem oil on the foliage of the plants.

Scale 

Scale look like tiny, brown or tan, spots that appear on your succulent. There are two types of scale, armored and soft. Armored scale have a hard coating to protect the insect, while soft scale have a waxy, film to protect the insect.

How to Treat Scale on your Succulents and Cacti

The best way to treat your succulent, if it has been infected by the armored scale is to prune off the infected areas, and treat with a system insecticide.  

For armored and soft, you can get a Q-tip that has rubbing alcohol on it and put a drop on each scale you find. For soft scale, you can use insecticidal soap (sometimes it can’t break down the shell of the armored scale, so you can try it if you want).  

You can also use insects that feed off of scale, such as, lady bugs and cryptolaemus montrouzieri. Once scale is gone or even a good preventive measure is to use neem oil on the foliage of the plants.

What are vine weevils

Vine weevil are beetles that are attracted to succulents. The adults will eat the leaves, while the grubs will eat the roots of the plants.

how can you get rid of them

You should check your plants at night (vine weevil are nocturnal) and pick off any adults that find.  You can place sticky traps around your plants, so the adult vine weevil will get suck in them.  

You can use nematodes which can put into you plant when you water it, to kill off any grubs.  You can also use a systemic neonicotinoid insecticide on them.

Aphids on Succulents

Aphids are small, bugs, that look like mini-grasshoppers. They feed off of the sap that is produced by succulents.  

Just like the mealybugs, they leave a honeydew that makes your plant sticky.

The honeydew the excrete can cause sooty mold and attract other bugs and insects.

How do I get rid of bugs on my succulents?

Sometimes just washing your succulent with water or a solution of soap and water can rid your succulent of aphids.  

You can use a Q-tip that has rubbing alcohol on it and put a drop on each aphid you see. You can also dust your plant with flour, which makes them sick.  

You can use insecticidal soaps and horticultural oils to get rid of the aphids.  You can also use neem oil to get rid of them or as a preventive measure.  

Diatomaceous earth is another product you can use on your succulent to get rid of aphids.

What happens if you overwater succulents?

If you are overwatering your succulent it can cause a wide variety of issues; the same is true, if your succulent is sitting it water. 

You should adjust your watering cycle, by making sure that the soil dries out between waterings. It is important to make sure that your succulents are planted in potting soil that allows for drainage.  

Checking to make sure that the drainage hole is not plugged is another good idea.  Also if your plant is sitting in water, you make want to drill extra holes in the bottom of the container.

Overwatering and having your succulents sitting in excess water, can lead to root rot, soft rot, stem rot, leaf rot, sooty mold, leaves falling off, yellowing of leaves and leaves, misshaped leaves, and leaves that appear limp.

What happens if you underwater succulents?

Just like overwatering, under watering can cause issues for your succulent.  You will want to increase the amount/number of times you water your succulent.  

Underwater can lead to leaves turning yellow, leaves that look shrivel, leaves that are wilted, and misshaped leaves.

Succulent Sunburn and Too Much Heat

Succulents can receive too much sun, so if you notice any of these, you should move your succulent to a shadier spot.  Too much sun, can give your succulent sunburn, spots on the leaves, and wilted leaves.

Too little sun

Succulents can also receive not even sun, so if you notice any of these, you should move your succulent to a sunnier spot.

Not enough sun can stunt your succulents growth or cause your succulent to have stems that seem to be stretching out towards the light.

Lack of nutrients

Succulents, like humans, can be starved from their proper nutrients.  If this occurs, you should give your succulent some fertilizer, either a well-balanced fertilizer or one that is specifically made for cacti/succulents.

Some problems that can occur if your succulent is lacking nutrients are leaves falling off, yellowing of leaves, misshaped leaves or stunted growth.

Review

Succulents are a wonderful plant for those who have a green thumb, those who don’t, those who are starting to learn and everyone in-between.

Succulents are quite easy to take care of as long as you remember a few simple things.  

Succulents don’t need a lot of water and should be planted in porous pots. They need soil that has excellent drainage and there is succulent/cacti potting soil made, especially for them.  

Some succulents can handle cold weather, while others can’t, some want bright, light all the time, while others don’t.  One of the most important things for you to do with/for your succulent is to make sure you pay attention to it and see what it wants.  Happy gardening!

Last Updated on by Lindsey Hyland

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