crassula varieties: 20 Different Types of Jade Plants With Pictures

Any type of Jade Plant (Crassula) will bring some good luck to your succulent garden and may even turn the blackest of thumbs into bright green.

Jade Plants are easy-going with a long lifespan and will add a sculptural effect to your succulent garden – a definite must-have for any plant lover.

There are hundreds of Jade Plant varieties you can choose from; some are easy to find while others will require a fair amount of hunting.

Luckily, once you’ve found all the Jade Plant varieties you like, you can effortlessly propagate them to share with friends and family.

Since Jade Plants grow equally good inside than outside, you can surround yourself with these thick, woody stems and their oval-shaped leaves – and who knows, maybe you’ll win the lotto! 

WARNING: Jade Plants are potentially toxic to humans and pets!

20 Different Types Of Jade Plants

Jade Plants belong to the genus Crassula, and it consists of about 200 species!

It is an excellent idea to study the various types of Jade Plants, and their specific needs to guarantee your Jade Plant thrives in your care. With that in mind, we’ve put up a list of 20 different types of jade plants and their care needs.

So, without further ado, let’s get stuck into our favorite jade plant varieties.

1. Crassula Ovata

Crassula Ovata

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Part shade
  • Water needs: Moderate
  • Height: 3 to 6 feet
  • Flowers: White to pink
  • Season of interest: Late winter to early spring
  • Special note: Height can be maintained with regular trimming
  • USDA hardiness zone: 11 to 12

Crassula Ovata is the common Jade Plant. Nick-named the money plant, it is believed to bring good luck in all money matters.

Despite the name, you should not expect money to grow on this tree – you’re not that lucky! Instead, you can expect elongated and rounded leaves 2 inches long each. When grown under the sun, leaves react by having red stains.

Crassula Ovata is a low-maintenance plant you can grow indoors or outdoors but be careful of planting it in poorly draining soil – it won’t tolerate it at all. The money tree plant can withstand low humidity and even drought.

2. Crassula Ovata ‘Crosby’s Red’

Crassula Ovata 'Crosby’s Red'

Specifications

Sun exposure: Full sun to part shade
Water needs: Regular
Height: Up to 3 feet
Flowers: White
Season of interest: Late fall to early winter
Special note: Enjoys the sun but can suffer from sunburn during heatwaves
USDA hardiness zone: 10 to 11

Crosby’s Red is also referred to Crosby’s Red, Crosby’s Dwarf and Red Dwarf Jade Plant. It looks very similar to the common Jade Plant but is shorter and more compact.

The leaves turn red when exposed to sunlight, and the tint deepens depending on the amount of sun it receives.

Growing Crassula Ovata ‘Crosby Red’ is much easier than other varieties because it does not grow tall, even outdoors.

Crosby Red will forgive delayed watering but not soil that gets waterlogged. Standing in water for long periods of time will make this Jade Plant prone to fungal infections or worse, root rot.

3. Crassula Ovata ‘Gollum’

Crassula Ovata 'Gollum'

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun to part shade
  • Water needs: Moderate
  • Height: Up to 3 feet
  • Flowers: White or pink
  • Season of interest: Late fall to early winter
  • Special note: It takes 3 years for this plant to mature and become ready for reproducing.
  • USDA hardiness zone: 10 to 11

Look closely, and you’ll see why it’s called a Gollum Jade. Also knowns as Ogre’s Ears, this Jade Plant variety has green, tubular leaves with red tips that are shaped like suction cups.

Sounds like the world’s favorite Ogre, Shrek’s ears, doesn’t it?

In the blooming season, you can anticipate some starry white or pink flowers, as long as you provide it with enough sun.

Yes, it can tolerate some shade but do not draw it out too much. It is better to underwater than overwater the Gollum Jade.

4. Crassula Ovata ‘Hobbit’

Crassula Ovata 'Hobbit'

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun to part shade
  • Water needs: Moderate
  • Height: Up to 3 feet
  • Flowers: White or pink
  • Season of interest: Autumn
  • Special note: It requires infrequent repotting since it likes its rootbound.
  • USDA hardiness zone: 10 to 11

Crassula Ovata ‘Hobbit’ is often mistaken for Gollum Jade, but the difference between these two Jade Plant varieties lies in the shape of their leaves.

Hobbit Jade has pipe-like leaves with a slight curl and red tips – some may say it resembles sea corals.

You can grow it indoors or in the garden, and if you provide it with the ideal growing conditions, you will be rewarded with starry flowers.

Hobbit jade is categorized as a desert plant so fertilizing it regularly may be too much for them. When you do fertilize, dilute the plant food in water but never during winter when it is in a state of dormancy.

5. Crassula Ovata ‘Ripple Jade’

Crassula Ovata 'Ripple Jade'

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun to part shade
  • Water needs: Moderate
  • Height: 3 to 4 feet
  • Flowers: White
  • Season of interest: Spring
  • Special note: This Jade Plant type rarely flowers
  • USDA hardiness zone: 9 to 11

Crassula Ovata ‘Ripple Jade’ is easily recognizable by their thin and wavy leaves. Ripple Jade, also called Curly Jade has circular, but twisted leaves which are mainly green with touches of faded blue.

Each leaf has purplish or dark brown edges, and the thick foliage is evergreen. This variety is very low maintenance and can be cold hardy in zone 10.

Ripple Jade is a robust grower but will appreciate protection from hard frost. The plant is extremely drought tolerant and a good indicator if proper watering is needed are the leaves – if it has been without water for too long, the leaves will wrinkle and look far from normal.

This Jade Plant type responds well to pruning, and it will prevent the plant from becoming leggy if there is a light deficiency.

6. Crassula Ovata ‘Undulata’

Crassula Ovata 'Undulata'

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun to part shade
  • Water needs: Occasional
  • Height: Up to 1.5 feet
  • Flowers: Pinkish white
  • Season of interest: Summer
  • Special note: Fertilize every two weeks during the growing season but not during winter.
  • USDA hardiness zone: 9 to 11

Also known as Jitter Jade, Crassula Ovata ‘Undulata’ is different from other Jade Plant varieties because it appears curly opposed to the conventional thick and elongated leaves.

The Crassula Ovata ‘Undulata’ has waxy, wavy leaves that grow very dense but at a slow pace. The plant can be grown outdoors in containers, as a compact groundcover or inside as a houseplant.

Jitter Jade, a natural desert plant, enjoys bright sunlight but can tolerate light shade, although it will not look its best.

Dark edges on the leaves start appearing when cooler months enter. Jitter Jade responds well to pruning but you may delay the trimming so it can spread to look like a mini Jade Plant tree.

7. Crassula Ovata ‘Minima’

Crassula Ovata 'Minima'

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun to partial sun
  • Water needs: Occasional
  • Height: Up to 2.5 feet
  • Flowers: Coral pink
  • Season of interest: Early spring to late summer
  • Special note: Propagation can be achieved by using a leaf; dry it and leave it on top of some soil – soon roots will form from the leaf.
  • USDA hardiness zone: 10 to 11

Crassula Ovata ‘Minima’ is referred to as Baby Jade because of its small size in comparison with other Jade Plant varieties.

Baby Jade starts green but red edges appear on the leaves as the plant matures. The thick, fleshy leaves appear from woody branches.

It is a pretty shrub you can use as a feature pot plant or to add interest to a rock garden – it makes a beautiful groundcover.

As a true Crassula, it is hardy and compact and can tolerate some dryness. Their archenemy is overwatering, and well-draining soil is a must. Showy flowers in pink corals will bloom in ideal conditions.

8. Crassula Ovata ‘Lemon & Lime’

Crassula Ovata 'Lemon & Lime'

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Partial sun to full sun
  • Water needs: Occasional
  • Height: 1 to 4 feet
  • Flowers: White
  • Season of interest: Late winter to early spring
  • Special note: Fire and deer resistant
  • USDA hardiness zone: 9 to 11

Crassula Ovata ‘Lemon & Lime’ is the variegated cultivar of the common Jade Plant. It has the monicker of ‘Tricolor’ Jade because of the green leaves bordered with creamy white and tipped with a pink tinge.

Each leaf is shaped like a spoon, and this Jade Plant variety flowers starry white blooms that attract useful insects. The trunk is stout, making it suitable for containers but it is also beautiful as an outdoor specimen.

Crassula Ovata ‘Lemon & Lime’ has good heat tolerance and will survive prolonged dry spells.

Although they appreciate regular misting, water requirements can be on the side of neglect. It is a succulent, so expect stored water in the leaves.

9. Crassula Ovata ‘Hummel’s Sunset’

Crassula Ovata 'Hummel's Sunset'

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun to partial shade
  • Water needs: Occasional
  • Height: 1 to 3 feet
  • Flowers: White to pale pink
  • Season of interest: Fall to spring
  • Special note: Grows slower than Crassula Ovata
  • USDA hardiness zone: 9 to 12

Award-winning Crassula Ovata ‘Hummel’s Sunset’ or Golden Jade is one of the Jade Plant varieties that received the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.

The Golden Jade has evergreen leaves, which like the mother variety, are thick, fleshy and round. But it is not a one-color leaf but actually has a dash of golden-yellow and red edges.

The intensity of the red outline deepens during colder months.

This Jade Plant blooms starry white flowers in a cluster. Outdoors, it is one of the showier Crassulas. The Golden Jade tree has very mild tolerance against frost.

10. Crassula Ovata ‘Harbour Lights’

Crassula Ovata 'Harbour Lights'

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun
  • Water needs: Occasional
  • Height: Up to 2 feet
  • Flowers: Pinkish white
  • Season of interest: Late autumn to early winter
  • Special note: The plant is not winter hardy and temperature should not drop below 7 for to survive
  • USDA hardiness zone: 10 to 11

Give your house or garden some spice with this cultivar’s distinct red color. Crassula Ovata ‘Harbour Lights’ is a Jade Plant variety that grows green but turns sunset red when cooler months approach.

The trunk is stubby with small flowers growing on the tips in ideal conditions.

The plant is suitable for seaside planting since it can tolerate sandy soil. The leaves are relatively small, but the plant grows dense enough to spread like a bonsai. Crassula Ovata ‘Harbour Lights’ leaves’ store water to use in times of drought.

11. Crassula Arborescens

Crassula Arborescens

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun to light shade
  • Water needs: Occasional
  • Height: 4-5 feet
  • Flowers: White or dark pink
  • Season of interest: Spring or summer
  • Special note: Brown spots on leaves indicate insufficient watering
  • USDA hardiness zone: 9 to 12

Crassula Arborescens or Silver Jade is a succulent that needs no trimming. This Crassula type has a balanced proportion of stubby trunk and grey-green leaves.

The foliage has an almost round shape with red edges that intensify when kept in full sun. It is rarely cultivated for its flowers, but when they appear, they are clusters of tiny star-shaped inflorescences.

Crassula Arborescens or Silver Jade is a very forgiving plant. It can take drought and poor soil types, but it has to have fast drainage.

Overwatering is the main culprit for the unsuccessful growing of this succulent. Silver Jade looks best included in a rock garden but also makes a stunning indoor plant.

Every leaf is covered with fine small greyish hairs that provide the overall silvery look.

One variety is Crassula Arborescens, Blue Hale, has blue-green foliage. It is about a foot tall with large discs of leaves – 4 inches each.

12. Crassula Perforata

Crassula Perforata ‘String of Buttens’

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun to light shade
  • Water needs: Occasional to regular
  • Height: 1 to 2 feet
  • Flowers: Pale yellow
  • Season of interest: Spring
  • Special note: Most gardeners choose to cut of dried stems after flowering because it tends to be displeasing to the eyes
  • USDA hardiness zone: 9 to 11

Crassula Perforata ‘String of Buttons’ is a sprawling shrub with a very unique appearance; leaves are stacked on top of each other.

The chubby, triangular leaves crawl upward in spirals and the edges have a rosy-pink tinge. In its natural habitat or with proper care in your garden, a cluster of pale-yellow flowers may bloom.

Crassula, in general, is a drought-tolerant plant but the String of Buttons Jade Plant variety is also deer resistant.

With its slightly faster growth rate compared to other Jade Plant varieties, this plant is perfect for hanging baskets – the erect stems will drape over time.

One popular hybrid is Crassula Perforata ‘Buddha’s Temple’. The stacks of leaves are more compact, forming square columns.

This resembles Chinese temples, thus the name. It blooms pink small flowers in summer pushing the plant’s height to at least 6 inches.

Crassula Perforata ‘Variegeta’ is a cultivar that has variegated leaves of cream and green with a reddish tinge. It grows 4 inches tall, making it a perfect mini houseplant.

13. Crassula Capitella ‘Campfire’

Crassula Capitella ‘Campfire’

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun to partial shade
  • Water needs: Regular
  • Height: 6 inches
  • Flowers: White or red
  • Season of interest: Spring, Summer, Fall
  • Special note: Slow – or controlled-release fertilizer should be added in the beginning of the growing season
  • USDA hardiness zone: 9 to 12

This one is a stunner in red. Crassula Capitella ‘Campfire’ grows lime green which turns feisty red, during colder temperatures.

The succulent’s leaves emerge from short branches looking like scarlet propellers. Flowers attract butterflies, bees and birds but are very tolerant to deer.

Campfire Jade is not suitable to be grown indoors. It is a spreader, crawling 2-3 feet wide. That is almost twice its height, therefore, containing them in pots is not recommended.

Regular misting is welcome, although it can survive dry spells.

Crassula Capitella ‘Red Pagoda’ is another cultivar of this species. This plant has densely stacked, triangular leaves in branches reachi0ng 6 inches.

The tips of the leaves have shades of crimson during cool seasons. Because of the two shades – red and green – the plant is an eye-catcher in most landscapes.

14. Crassula Sarmentosa ‘Comet’

Crassula Sarmentosa 'Comet'

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun to partial shade
  • Water needs: Regular
  • Height: 1 foot
  • Flowers: White
  • Season of interest: Late fall or early winter
  • Special note: The plant was named by Gordon Rowley
  • USDA hardiness zone: 9 to 12

Crassula Sarmentosa ‘Comet’ has the most striking foliage in the Crassula family. The green center is sandwiched between lime green.

It has reddish stems that may trail down. When grown in full sun, pink to red thin margins surround each leaf which is also ragged if inspected closely. White flowers bloom from pink buds in late fall.

This plant tends to be leggy; when growing indoors, it is best to prune it regularly. You can also easily grow it as a groundcover requiring very minimal attention.

15. Crassula Marnieriana

Crassula Marnieriana

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun to partial shade
  • Water needs: Regular
  • Height: 15 cm
  • Flowers: Pink
  • Season of interest: Spring, early Summer, Winter.
  • Special note: The plant prefers dry conditions. When grown indoors, window moisture should even be avoided.
  • USDA hardiness zone: 9 to 11

Crassula Marnieriana or Worm Plant presents itself in such a way that even Medusa will be embarrassed. Also known as the Jade Necklace or Crassula Stacked, Crassula Marnieriana is a cold-hardy plant that can tolerate light frost.

It has vertical, finger-like chubby leaves that have a very unique appearance that looks like earthworms sprawling.

Foliage is blushed with pink blooms flowering on the tips. Worm Plant can be grown in gardens or draped from a hanging basket.

This plant is one of the easiest to grow and propagate but very susceptible to mealybug infestations.

One variety is Crassula Marnieriana ‘Hottentot’ that features the same one-of-a-kind appearance and has a medium growth rate. This Jade Plant variety only reaches 6 inches in height.

16. Crassula Picturata ‘Tiger Jade’

Crassula Picturata ‘Tiger Jade’

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun to partial shade
  • Water needs: Moderate
  • Height: 2 inches
  • Flowers: Pink or white
  • Season of interest: Summer
  • Special note: At the beginning of its growing season, fertilize it only once with a slow-release fertilizer
  • USDA hardiness zone: 9 to 11

Crassula Picturata ‘Tiger Jade’ is a neat succulent perfect for a meticulous gardener. It is a short-growing Jade Plant variety with gorgeous leaves forming a pagoda-like structure that is very compressed.

These leaves are pointed, green and heavily dotted with the same purple color of its underside. Every single leaf is margined with fine small hairs.

Tiger Jade is powdery to touch, but it may be washed off during watering. You can keep it glaucous if you make sure not to get water on the leaves.

This type of Jade Plant variety grows beautiful flowers when happy but turns overall reddish when stressed. It has a spreading habit ranging from 6-8 inches, compensating its short height.

17. Crassula ‘Jade Tower’

Crassula 'Jade Tower'

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun to partial shade
  • Water needs: Moderate
  • Height: 10 cm
  • Flowers: Pink or white
  • Season of interest: Late winter
  • Special note: Overwatering is fatal. Allow soil to dry completely before watering.
  • USDA hardiness zone: 9 to 11

A hybrid Jade Plant between Crassula Perfoliata x Crassula Rupestris ssp. Marieriana, Crassula ‘Jade Tower’ is an upright plant with erect leaves forming columns.

The leaves are green but look frosted with white papillae. Small, pinkish flowers appear, giving the plant its delicate look during blooming seasons.

Enjoy it outdoors or indoors but avoid extreme frost and hot midafternoon sun. Like most of Jade Plant types, you can easily propagate them by division, offsets or leaf cuttings.

18. Crassula Falcata

Crassula Falcata

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Full sun to partial shade
  • Water needs: Regular
  • Height: 2-3 feet
  • Flowers: Red
  • Season of interest: Summer and fall
  • Special note: The growth rate is slow to medium. Reaching about 12 to 18 inches takes a few years, so it growing leggy is nearly impossible
  • USDA hardiness zone: 9 to 11

Crassula Falcata is famous under gardeners as a propeller plant or airplane plant because of the easy cultivation innate to Crassulas.

Moreover, this Jade Plant type’s extraordinary foliage is angled and twisted in opposite pairs creating the propeller look.

Usually, it is gray-green that overlap. The plant rarely flowers but when it does, dense clusters of red flowers appear in the center of the ‘propellers’.

This type of Jade Plant requires bright light to develop fully, but excess warmth should be avoided, even in winter. As a houseplant, it prefers normal room temperature and can tolerate short bouts of neglect.

19. Crassula Pubescens ‘Bear Paw’

Crassula Pubescens ‘Bear Paw’

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Partial shade to full sun
  • Water needs: Moderate
  • Height: 6 inches
  • Flowers: Yellow
  • Season of Interest: Spring
  • Special note: Repotting is necessary because it can get too crowded
  • USDA hardiness zone: 9 to 11

The Bear Paw Jade of the family, Crassula Pubescens, is a low-growing shrub used mostly as a groundcover but loved in containers as well.

The foliage starts green but eventually leans to burgundy when under the sun. The leaves are fuzzy and slender; about 104 inches at the longest. The plant grows very compact and spreads slowly.

Crassula Pubescens is a very nice flowering succulent that shows a ball of yellow florets in good conditions. This Jade Plant variety requires well-draining soil and a bright spot protected from harsh afternoon rays.

20. Portulacaria Afra ‘Porkbush’

Portulacaria Afra ‘Porkbush’

Specifications

  • Sun exposure: Partial shade to full sun
  • Water needs: Occasional
  • Height: 12 feet
  • Flowers: White, pink or purple.
  • Season of interest: Late spring or early summer
  • Special note: Rarely flowers during cultivation
  • USDA hardiness aone: 9 to 11

True Jade Plants are under the Crassula genus, but Portulacaria Afra or Porkbush is also referred to as a Dwarf Jade.

They have similar appearance and growing characteristics but are unrelated. Many mistakenly purchase this thinking it is part of the Crassula family.

The Porkbush has woody red stems from where small, round and glossy green leaves appear. The plant spreads after reaching the optimum height, that is why trimming is advisable before it gets leggy.

In their native habitat, Portulacaria Afra serves as food for elephants and is thus also called Elephant Bush.

This plant comes in two types – miniature and variegata. Portulacaria Afra ‘Decumbent’ is a cultivar with apple green colored leaves.

They are glossy, appearing from branches that spread candidly but neatly, reaching 6-8 feet. 

Portulacaria Afra ‘Decumbent’ is a soft shrub that cannot withstand hard frosts; therefore, it is wise to bring it indoors where it can be protected. When indoors, it should receive bright light and be in well-draining soil.

Portulacaria Afra Variegata or Rainbow Bush is a variegated type that grows up to 12 feet high, or even higher.

The yellow-green leaves have cream highlights stemming from purplish red stalks. Rainbow Bush becomes very dense, making it difficult to kill. Prune it regularly to keep the form or allow it to branch and cascade like messy hair.

On Jade Plant Types

There are hundreds of Jade Plant varieties. The reasons why Jade Plants are so popular include the easy cultivation, the plants’ adaptability and its incredible charm as a succulent.

It will surely be a fantastic addition to our outdoor or indoor garden.

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.