Here we've compiled a list of the 20 most popular types of Aloe plants with detailed care guide, so you can choose the perfect Aloe variety that suits your style and home best.
You probably know the Aloe vera plant and its enormous health advantages, yet did you know that there are there are more than 300 different species of aloe, but only a few of them have medicinal properties?
Most aloes originate from places in Central America or Africa where there is hardly any humidity and is warm. They are able to endure long hours in the sun and minimal watering since they store water in their leaves.
Today, however, a lot of them are spotted throughout from hanging planters to boutonnieres. They are a craze which is consuming not only backyards, yet house decoration and wedding event too.
Below is a list of 20 different types of aloe plants (with picture) that will help you find out more about the specific needs of each for proper care and propagation methods.
More Than Aloe Vera Here Are 20 Different Types Of Aloe Varieties You Can Grow
- 1: Aloe Aculeata "Prickly Aloe"
- 2: Aloe Vera "Medicinal Aloe"
- 3: Aloe Africana "African Aloe"
- 4: Aloe Albida "Grass Aloe"
- 5: Aloe Arborescens "Krantz Aloe"
- 6: Aloe Albiflora 'Guillaumin'
- 7: Aloe Arenicola "Sand Aloe"
- 8: Aloe Broomii "Snake Aloe"
- 9: Aloe Buettneri "West African Aloe"
- 10: Aloe Comosa "Clanwilliam Aloe"
- 11: Aloe Ballyi "Rat Aloe"
- 12: Aloe Brevifolia "Short-Leaf Aloe"
- 13: Aloe Erinacea
- 14: Aloe Ferox "Bitter Aloe"
- 15: Aloe Camperi "Popcorn Aloe"
- 16: Aloe Excelsa "Zimbabwe Aloe"
- 17: Aloe Excelsa "Zimbabwe Aloe"
- 18: Aloe Bakeri "Baker Aloe"
- 19: Aloe Ballii "Ball's Cliff Aloe"
- 20: Aloe Argenticauda
1: Aloe aculeata "prickly aloe"
Aloe aculeata is quickly recognized from other related species with noticeable sharp spines on the leaves because it is the only recognized aloe variety whose spines originate from tuberculate white base bumps.
- Leaves reach 30 to 60 cm (12 to 24 in) tall.
- The leaf blade grows up to 100 mm long and 20 mm wide.
- Seed generation creates small, dense clumps.
- Yield masses of bright pink flowers at the end of winter (August to October).
- It reaches anywhere from 18-24 inches in height
- Its inflorescences can reach around 4 feet.
General Care for Aloe aculeata "prickly aloe"
This aloe plant variety could be grown outdoors in elevated beds and balconies in case protected from winter rain. It may likewise be planted in pots and positioned on bright windowsills.
Watering: It is fairly simple to cultivate under a vast range of weather conditions, provided it is grown in a well-drained condition, provided sufficient water, yet not over watered.
How to propagate Aloe aculeata "prickly aloe"
Propagation happens entirely through seed, considering that the plants rarely produce offsets. Plant the seed immediately. The ideal time would be in the spring or summer when temperature levels are warm.
2: Aloe vera "Medicinal Aloe"
It comes from the Arabian Peninsula yet thrives wild in tropical environments around the globe and is grown for agricultural and medicinal applications.
- Stemless or quite short-stemmed plant increasing to 60-- 100 cm (24-- 39 in) tall
- leaves are thick and fleshy, green to grey-green
- The flowers are generated during summer on a surge as high as 90 cm (35 in) tall
General Care for Aloe vera
Its succulence allows the species to get through in places of low natural rainfall, making it ideal for rockeries and other low water-use landscapes. In containers, the species needs well-drained, sandy potting soil and bright, sunny conditions.
How to propagate Aloe vera
Aloe vera cuttings are not the most dependable technique of plant propagation. A much better means to share this wonderful plant is through the elimination of offsets.
3: Aloe Africana "African aloe"
Aloe Africana is quite a few of South Africa's single-headed varieties of Aloe that form a trunk and create remarkable focal points in the yard.
- Yields Yellow & Orange flowers
- Blooms during Winter/Spring
- It reaches 6-8 feet tall and 2-4 feet wide
- Needs Full Sun exposure and Low Water Requirements
- Winter Hardiness: 25-30 ° F.
General Care for Aloe Africana "African aloe"
Aloe is a remarkably flexible plant, and a well-grown Aloe could be relatively lovely. Just like all succulents, it is actually important that Aloe is never permitted to rest in stationary water, and the plant must be thoroughly checked to monitor indications of overwatering.
Watering: Water generously during the summer and more or less stop watering during the winter. Do not allow water to remain in the rosettes.
How to propagate Aloe Africana "African aloe"
At the time of repotting of a bigger plant, it is possible to meticulously split the root ball. Several types of Aloe will send off off-sets which could be potted individually.
Just keep in mind not to plant aloes too deeply, or they will rot.
4: Aloe albida "Grass Aloe"
Aloe albida is a midget aloe variety with tiny white flowers which prefers shrouded mountain grassland environments and flourishes in holes amongst mossy rocks in locations where grasses are kept relatively brief.
- Grass aloe.
- The leaves create a rosette and are around 150 x 4-5 mm. They have a waxy coating, which provides a pale greyish/bluish green color.
- Blooming time is in some cases as early as February, yet is typically from late March to April.
- Outdoor potential not known. Prefers shade.
- Season to Plant - Spring.
General Care for Aloe albida "Grass Aloe"
Aloe albida flourishes well in cultivation under the ideal conditions. This species is an ideal container or pot plant, thriving well in a terracotta pot.
Watering: It is necessary to water these plants properly throughout the growing period. Yet, during the winter they must only get water when the weather is hot.
How to propagate Aloe albida "Grass Aloe"
The simplest means to propagate this Aloe variety is using suckers or seeds. It is essential to plant seeds during springtime, providing seedlings an opportunity to develop before the hot weather of summertime.
It is recommended to utilize good soil. You must then add a small volume of both sieved, sandy soil and sieved well-rotted leaf mold.
5: Aloe arborescens "krantz aloe"
Although we have a tendency to call this plant 'torch aloe' for its substantial vibrant red flowers, a common name utilized in South Africa is Krantz Aloe, named for the Afrikaner word 'Krantz' implying a "rocky ridge" or "cliff" of one favored habitation, although this plant essentially springs from different habitats from down at sea level up to high in the mountains.
- An evergreen Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 2 m (6ft) at a medium rate.
- The flowers are pollinated by Sunbirds, Bees.
- Ideal for sandy and loamy soils likes well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally shabby soil.
- Can grow in very acid soils.
- Thrives in no or semi-shade location. It favors dry or moist soil and can endure dry spell.
General Care for Aloe arborescens "krantz aloe"
Aloe arborescens is an outstanding option for potted culture just about anywhere, or outdoors culture and in desert areas When left in potted culture, keep indoors in a bright window, in the shady greenhouse or on the porch during the summertime, then bring in for the winter.
Watering: It is essential to keep in mind not to water the cutting too greatly; overwatering may bring on it to rot.
How to propagate Aloe arborescens "krantz aloe"
Seed - plant in a soft sand, well-drained potting soil during a warm, shady place in regular seed trays. Germination requires around three weeks.
Cover with a thin layer of sand (1 - 2mm), keep moist and the seedlings could be grown out in particular bags or containers as quickly as they are sizable enough to take care of.
Stem cuttings- 3 - 10cm long. A branch or stem could be trimmed, enabled to dry for a time or so up until the cut has sealed off, and then cultivated in well-drained soil or sand.
It need not be rooted in any specific place and then transplanted, yet could be positioned immediately into its permanent spot in the garden.
6: Aloe albiflora 'Guillaumin'
Aloe albiflora is a tiny Aloe variety with long slender leaves, grey-green with numerous tiny white area. Its white, lily-like flowers are so distinct from those of all other Madagascan Aloe.
- An acaulescent, suckering varieties with small rosettes which create tiny clumps.
- Has Fusiform roots.
- Leaves are rosulate, linear, tapering at apex, 15 cm long, 1.5 cm wide, rough to the touch, grey-green and carefully speckled with several tiny dull-white spots.
- The inflorescence is 30-36 cm long.
- Flowers are colored white, 10 mm long, base rounded, campanulate, 14 mm in diameter across the mouth.
- Its height is under 6 in. (15 cm).
- Flower season is early summertime.
General Care for Aloe albiflora
Aloe albiflora is ideal for houseplant and container gardening.
Watering: water modestly throughout the year, yet occasionally when inactive.
How to propagate Aloe albiflora
Seed: Plant seed of white-flowered aloe (aloe albiflora) at 70f/21c immediately after ripe.
Offset Separate offsets in late springtime or early summertime. Insert unrooted offsets in a standard cactus potting mix.
7: Aloe arenicola "Sand Aloe"
This one-of-a-kind strong aloe stays in a modest adolescent phase with snaking horizontal stems forming tiny well-spaced trigonal leaves till such time it grows and starts to grow upright with larger leaves.
- Various rosettes are grown on procumbent stems which may reach up to 70cm in height.
- Leaf surfaces are soft and marked with various white spots.
- Flowers are a pale-red color with the mouth openings a yellow color.
- Blooming takes place from July to December.
General Care for Aloe arenicola "Sand Aloe"
This aloe plat variety flourish in full sun, yet position them in a bright sun porch or south-facing area outdoors-- in full sun, they may build unsightly bronze spots. Safeguard them from rain outdoors, as well. Water aloes only whenever the soil is parched and constantly grow them in a pot with drainage openings.
Watering: water occasionally, especially during summertime as this type of aloe plant is susceptible to rot whenever overwatered.
How to propagate Aloe arenicola "Sand Aloe"
The fastest method to reproduce a precise duplicate of the parent is to root offsets.
Slice the thick stolon which links a pup has grown 2 or more inches tall and plant it in its own pot, leaving the cut end over the soil to dry. Do not fertilize new plants for at least four months.
8: Aloe broomii "Snake Aloe"
Seen in South Africa, it is called the mountain aloe or snake aloe on account of its strange inflorescence.
- A durable shrub with a short stem.
- grows up to 1.5 meters high, including the inflorescence.
- typically a single-stemmed aloe yet might split into clusters with around three 'rosettes.'
- The leaves are plump and bordered with tiny very dark thorns.
- flowers are concealed by the expanded bracts, providing it a snaky, snake-like look
General Care for Aloe broomii "Snake Aloe"
Aloes flourish in full sun, yet position them in a bright sun porch or south-facing area outdoors-- in full sun, they may build unsightly bronze spots. S
afeguard them from rain outdoors, as well. Water aloes only whenever the soil is parched and constantly grow them in a pot with drainage openings.
Watering: water occasionally, especially during summertime as this aloe is susceptible to rot whenever overwatered.
How to propagate Aloe broomii "Snake Aloe"
The fastest method to reproduce a precise duplicate of the parent is to root offsets.
Slice the thick stolon which links a pup has grown 2 or more inches tall and plant it in its own pot, leaving the cut end over the soil to dry.
Do not fertilize new plants for at least four months.
9: Aloe buettneri "West African Aloe"
It is a succulent plant with thick and fleshy leaves charted in a rosette. It primarily flourishes in hot and dry place.
- The leaves grow to about 40-- 80 cm long, 8-- 9 cm broad.
- The leaves are rimmed by alternating combined and solo teeth and converged to make up an underground bulb-like base making the plant appear stemless.
- The flowers are lined up in a baggy panicle.
- The plant comes with up to 12 branches with bulbs that vary in color from green-yellow, orange, or dull red.
- It necessitates a sunlit location. The succulent leaves and stems, and the presence of a thick cuticle make them well adjusted to parched environments.
General Care for Aloe buettneri
It necessitates a sunlit location. The succulent leaves and stems, and the presence of a thick cuticle make them well adjusted to parched environments.
How to propagate Aloe buettneri
They are planted in a well-drained and sandy potting soil in a hot, shady place in regular seed trays. Wrap the seed with a thin layer of sand (1 - 2mm), keep damp. Germination takes around three weeks.
10: Aloe comosa "Clanwilliam aloe"
Aloe comosa is regarded a tree aloe coming with a single, unbranched stem that can reach heights of about 3 meters. As it grows and matures in height, Aloe comosa maintains its dry, dead leaves and creates a twisted skirt or beard.
- Comes with thick, succulent blades about 2 feet (0.6 meters) long.
- The leaf surface is bald, and the bending of the lamina is manifold.
- Feature a lanceolate leaf shape which has a tendency to curve towards the tips.
- The edges of the leaves are whole and are lined with bristly, tooth-like, brown-red thorns.
- Blossoms during the summertime
General Care for Aloe comosa "Clanwilliam aloe"
It is fairly simple to grow under a wide array of climatic conditions provided it is sown in a well-drained condition provided ample water yet not over-watered.
Grow it in an exposed sandy-gritty cactus garden compost, well-drained, with a relatively acidic pH (5-6). It requires a fairly shallow pot to support its fibrous roots and offers an excellent drainage.
How to propagate Aloe comosa "Clanwilliam aloe"
This is carried out solely from seed. It is plausible to root the plant from a truncheon cutting.
It is recommended to allow the plant to dry out for a couple of weeks - this minimizes the sap levels and guarantees simple rooting.
11: Aloe ballyi "rat aloe"
This is among a couple of toxic aloes in Kenya, known generally as the 'rat aloe' because of bad chemicals contained in its leaves. It is utilized medicinally as a laxative, for 'opening the bowels.'
- can grow up to 8 meters tall.
- the plant creates a single, unbranched stem up to 15cm in diameter.
General Care for Aloe ballyi
Aloe varieties adhere to the Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM). CAM plants are able to mend carbon dioxide at night and photosynthesize with sealed stomata throughout the day, therefore reducing water loss.
This, and also their succulent leaves and stems, and the visibility of a dense cuticle makes them well adapted to a dry condition.
How to propagate Aloe ballyi
In general, Aloes are planted in soft sand, the well-drained potting soil in a hot, shady setting in regular seed trays. Germination requires around three weeks.
12: Aloe brevifolia "Short-Leaf Aloe"
It is a small, sleek, evergreen perennial Aloe plant variety, which is indigenous to the Western Cape, South Africa.
It is likewise commonly well-known as an ornamental plant in desert gardens and rockeries around the world. It is utilized medicinally as a laxative, for 'opening the bowels.'
- Only 10 cm in height
- Has a tendency to develop suckers from its sides which turn into new rosettes.
- May create big clusters.
- The leaves are small and chunky and bordered with fleshy, safe, white teeth.
- Gray-blue in color
- Blooms with sharp red flowers throughout November
General Care for Aloe brevifolia
It must be grown in a fairly sunny setting, in well-drained ground.
Watering: It needs only mild watering and must not be kept constantly moist.
How to propagate Aloe brevifolia
It could be propagated quickly through merely eliminating and replanting the branching suckers.
13: Aloe erinacea
Aloe erinacea appears nearly similar to Aloe melanacantha, but it is somewhat smaller, and it often becomes dense clumps because of offsetting.
- Has rounded, spherical rosettes, brown-green leaves
- They develop as single rosettes or more frequently in bunches of around 10 or more dense plants.
- The stems are short and unnoticeable even in old types.
- Inflorescences are typically simple up to 40 inches (1 m) high.
- The flowers are tubular, bright red yet turn yellow after opening
- Bloom during the winter.
General Care for Aloe erinacea
It is really important that is never allowed to sit in stagnant water, and the plant must be thoroughly tracked to look for indications of overwatering.
Water amply during the summertime and almost stop watering during the winter months. Do not allow water to stand in the rosettes.
How to propagate Aloe erinacea
Aloe is not mainly fast-growing and may just seldom require be repotting. Repot plants throughout the spring which are toppling their pots or have stopped expanding.
Utilize a fast-draining potting blend with one-third sand or pebbles. Several types of aloe are going to disperse off-sets which could be potted separately
14: Aloe ferox "Bitter Aloe"
Often referred to as bitter aloe, it is commonly confused with Aloe excelsa varieties, and they do look quite identical once completely grown. But the flowers are different, with the latter’s racemaes being somewhat curved and a lot smaller.
- Tall, single-stemmed aloe
- Are able to grow to 10 feet (3.0 m) in height.
- Its leaves are thick and plump, arranged in rosettes
- Come with reddish-brown spines on the edges with smaller spines
- Its flowers are a uniform orange or red
General Care for Aloe ferox
Aloe ferox favors dry and tropical climates, sandy-loamy soils, open areas, full sun, and not excessive watering with an excellent drainage system.
How to propagate Aloe ferox
Aloe ferox plants are propagated primarily from head cuttings and seeds, with plants sowed with around one-meter divisions.
It takes up to five years for the plants to reach the initial harvest from seeds. Each leaf weighs around 1.5- 2 kg during the harvest.
15: Aloe camperi "Popcorn Aloe"
Also referred to as Popcorn aloes, it flourishes in colonies, with orange flowers around early spring.
- Makes rosettes of leaves approximately 60cm in diameter on stems which could be 30cm long
- The leaves are up to 60cm long and 15cm wide at the base
- The plant suckers to create bunches of stems.
General Care for Aloe camperi
Plants are able to endure periodic heat levels up to about -2 Â ° c, as long as conditions are relatively unmoistened. Do well in full sun to light shade. Developed plants are rather a drought tolerant.
How to propagate Aloe camperi
Can be done in three ways:
- Through splitting the rootball
- Through racking up the base of the bulb to encourage new bulblets
- From leaf cuttings
16: Aloe Excelsa "Zimbabwe Aloe"
This aloe species is a tiny herbaceous plant with tight, succulent strap-shaped leaves which conceal the damp and continually moist conditions which it grows under.
- It thrives in somewhat untidy-looking clusters around 20-- 30 cm high.
- The leaves are thin, around 18-- 28 cm long and typically curved forwards along the central vein. Blooms all throughout the year.
- The flowers are deep red colored, borne on 30 cm bent stalks over the foliage.
General Care for Aloe Excelsa "Zimbabwe Aloe"
It can be grown like a common cactus or succulent, while a few afternoon shades can be enjoyed in warmer circumstances. It does not require a considerable amount of sunlight to flourish.
It is said to deal with a light frost (Zone 9) and must be safeguarded from temperatures below 22 ° F( -5 ° C). Grow it in a quick draining soil blend, like cactus soil.
17: Aloe excelsa "Zimbabwe Aloe"
It’s a small tree with a single stem, developing on steep rocky slopes or on granite outcrops.
- Stem as much as 6m high, typically covered in dried leaves with the exception of the lowermost area.
- leaves create a small rosette at the stem apex
- Flowers are 20-32 mm long, cylindrical-ellipsoid, expanding at the middle, orange to deep red, hardly ever white.
General Care for Aloe excelsa "Zimbabwe Aloe"
In its natural environment, it flourishes best if provided ample water during its growing period yet needs an active dry period with colder conditions when the remarkable flowers show up.
How to propagate Aloe excelsa "Zimbabwe Aloe"
It is unusual in backyards.
18: Aloe bakeri "Baker aloe"
It is a caulescent, branching and suckering, evergreen type Aloe plant. During summertime, it yields red or orange, green-tipped tubular flowers in racemes.
- Around 0-500 meters above sea level.
- flourishes’ in humid, or subhumid areas, in shallow soils and holes on inselberg/rock faces.
- Grows to 10 to 20 cm (4 to 8 in) tall by 40 cm (16 in) wide.
General Care for Aloe bakeri "Baker aloe"
With an at least temperature level of 10 ° C (50 ° F), this plant needs winter heat, and in warm regions is grown under glass.
Put on a proportionate liquid fertilizer 2 or 3 times during the growing period.
Watering: Water sparingly when in development; very moderately when inactive.
How to propagate Aloe bakeri "Baker aloe"
Propagate by seed sown with heat as soon as ripe or from offsets.
19: Aloe Ballii "Ball's cliff aloe"
This orange colored plant which develops in Mozambique and Zimbabwe is included as Endangered in the 2002 IUCN Red List.
- Suckers to form tiny solid sets.
- Stems bunched up, erect, around 3 cm in height.
- Leaves are up to 50 cm long, grass-like, weakly erect, linear, light green with whitish spots and lines
- Flowers are 12-16 mm long and 4 mm wide, and orange-scarlet in color.
General Care for Aloe Ballii
Aloe ballii develops practically on quartzite.
20: Aloe argenticauda
Aloe argenticauda is a variety of plant which is native to Namibia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland and rocky areas.
- Plants stemless or short-stemmed, 300-500 mm tall excluding inflorescence, in firm clumps. Brownish grey-green.
- Leaves color yellow-orange to green the leaf fleshy with irregular spiny edges, leaves grow in a rosette.
- Flowers deep strawberry-pink, 32-37 mm long, cylindric-ventricose; all sections quickly Blooming time Aug to Oct.
General Care for Aloe argenticauda
This species of Aloe is not ideal for house planting.
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Learning about the different types of aloe plants can aid you in providing better care for them since not all of them require the same exact care.
Remember that there are various species which look alike and that may result in confusion with identification. Yet do not fret. Provided you get the genus right and come with ample knowledge on their specific needs, you will certainly be on your way to being able to better care for your plant.
Lindsey Hyland grew up in Arizona where she attended University of Arizona’s Controlled Environment Agriculture. She has supplemented her formal education by working on various organic farms, including spending a semester abroad in India.
Growing and/or raising just about anything gets her excited. She is especially passionate about environmental justice and low-tech, sustainable ways to better run small-scale farms and homesteads. Lindsey started Urban Organic Yield to discuss gardening tips and tactics.
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