Types of Syngonium Plants: Arrowhead Vine Plant Varieties

Syngonium plants are fast-growing, ornamental plants with attractive arrow-shaped foliage.

Due to the arrow-like leaves, these plants are also known as Arrowhead plants. Syngonium genus belongs to the Araceae family.

These plants are ideal for growing on trellises or hanging baskets because of their trailing nature.

These arrowhead plants are native to the tropical rainforests located in southern Mexico, the Amazon forests, and the West Indies.

Nowadays, many indoor gardeners buy an arrowhead plant because of its easy-to-grow nature, variegated foliage pattern, and catchy appearance.

Due to its fewer demands, many people grow Syngonium plants in their bedrooms, living rooms, and even corridors.

Indoor arrowhead vine plants are comparatively easy to grow because of their fewer growing demands.

Even these plants can live for a long period without any fertilizer. If you are a new gardener and have a plan to build an indoor garden, we recommend you start with arrowhead plants.

Under this specific species of Syngonium, you will find many cultivars. In this article, we will discuss all the varieties of the Syngonium genus.


Before we move on, if you are looking for other types of houseplants, go back to our main Houseplants page.


Types of Syngonium Podophyllum (Arrowhead Plant)

When it comes to Syngonium plants, remember that there are many species, and Syngonium podophyllum is one of the most, if not the most, common ones.

There are many varieties of Syngonium podophyllum. We list the most popular ones below.

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Albovirens’

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Albovirens’

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Albovirens’ is a popular cultivar of the genus Syngonium. The leaves have a showy appearance.

The leaves have a solid green color in their juvenile stage with a variegated midrib.

As the plant slowly matures, the variegation covers the entire leaf until the whole leaf becomes variegated. Each leaf grows up to 15 inches long.

This plant blooms mainly during the spring, even when grown in containers.

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Albovirens’ prefers bright, indirect sunlight. We suggest you keep them near the east-facing window.

Moderate humidity is alright, but high humidity is better. The temperature should be warm.

Water the plants regularly to keep the soil moist and prepare a well-drained and rich potting medium.

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Berry Allusion’

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Berry Allusion’

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Berry Allusion’ is an attractive houseplant with arrowhead leaves with variegation. The light green leaves of this plant have pink veins.

This species can be a great addition to your indoor garden because it requires less maintenance. If grown in a large container, it may reach 9 feet tall.

Like other Syngonium varieties, you have to ensure that this species receives ample indirect sunlight. The temperature should be kept warm.

Remember that this plant cannot tolerate frost. Humidity should be moderate to high.

Since this variety grows quite tall, you should prune it often to maintain its shape.

It needs watering gently and keeping the soil moisture evenly. Don’t let the topsoil remain dry for 2 or 3 days.

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Batik’

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Batik’

This attractive species of Syngonium has light green leaves with white veins. This variety makes this cultivar an ideal type to decorate the bedroom or living room.

It will add a tropical vibe to your indoor garden. This arrowhead vine will reach up to 3 to 4 feet if you can provide support, such as a moss pole or a stick.

Since it is a variegated plant, it requires more light to produce food and maintain the variegation.

Full sun will turn the white part into green, whereas low light will cause leaf fall.

We suggest keeping this plant near the southeast-facing window. Allow the topsoil to dry before watering.

Your plant will be wilted if a dry condition prevails for two days. For fertilization, apply worm castings during the spring.

Syngonium Podophyllum’ Bold Allusion’

Syngonium Podophyllum’ Bold Allusion’

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Bold Allusion’ has large platter-shaped and light green leaves with pink-colored veins, similar to the “Berry Allusion” cultivar.

This variety of Syngonium podophyllum is perfect for decorating purposes. Each plant may reach up to 14 inches tall. You may prune the top often to maintain a bushy structure.

This plant is a fast grower. It will grow very fast if you can provide it with bright sunlight, a warm temperature, and a moderate humidity level.

Keep it near an east-facing window so that it receives morning sun. Gently water it.

You may allow the topsoil to dry before watering, but never allow it to dry for more than two days.

Fertilize the plant once at least every month during the growing season.

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Confetti’

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Confetti’

Syngonium Confetti is another trailing plant that belongs to the Araceae family. This cultivar has arrow-shaped, light green foliage with dark green edges.

Additionally, you will notice pink marbles on the leaves.

These color combinations make this Syngonium species look wonderful. Many people grow this plant for decorative purposes only.

These arrowhead vines grow mainly in tropical regions, and hence, they prefer partial sun and moderate to high humidity.

You can place these plants near your bathroom or mist the leaves to increase the humidity level.

During the winter months, move them to a warm place. Water them gently on a regular basis, but remember that waterlogged conditions will kill them.

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Cream Allusion’

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Cream Allusion’

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Cream Allusion’ is a wonderful houseplant that can be grown even under low light conditions.

The most amazing feature of this plant is its creamy leaf color with pink veins.

This trailing plant can be grown with the support of a tall moss stick or a plant stand. This species of Syngonium may reach up to 1 foot tall.

Bright light with no direct sunlight is considered ideal for growing Syngonium podophyllum ‘Cream Allusion.’

This plant grows well even if the grower keeps it in partial shade. Under very low light, the leaves will lose variegation.

Water regularly during the summer months, and you must let the topsoil dry a bit before watering.

We suggest applying a slow-release fertilizer like worm castings or compost for fertilizing.

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Exotic Allusion’

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Exotic Allusion’

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Exotic Allusion’ comes with unique green foliage, and anyone can easily identify this cultivar by its light green foliage with dark green edges.

Also, unlike the other types of Syngonium podophyllum, you will notice creamy white veins.

All the parts of this cultivar contain calcium oxalate, which means this species can be poisonous to you and your pets.

Like other cultivars, Exotic Allusion can be grown with low maintenance.

You have to ensure that it receives bright light but no direct sun, a warm temperature, and moderate humidity.

Water is a crucial factor for this species, and you should water it when the topsoil becomes dry. You should try growing it in small pots for decorating purposes.

Syngonium Podophyllum’ Emerald Gem’

Syngonium Podophyllum’ Emerald Gem’

Syngonium podophyllum’ Emerald Gem’ can be of two types: variegated and non-variegated.

The variegated one comes up with beautiful deep green to light green leaves with white veins.

The non-variegated cultivar, on the other hand, has gorgeous emerald-colored leaves.

It doesn’t matter which variety you choose for decorating purposes, because both of these indoor plants look beautiful.

You can find them widely distributed across Costa Rica and Panama.

Both variegated and non-variegated cultivars have similar demands. You can grow them under a dappled or indirect sun like the other Syngonium podophyllum varieties.

These indoor arrowhead vine plants prefer growing in warm temperatures and moderately humid environments.

The potting soil should have a good water retention capacity. You can propagate these houseplants simply by using stem cuttings.

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Holly’

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Holly’

Syngonium podophyllum “Holly” is one of the rarest varieties of the Syngonium genus.

This species has beautiful silver-white and medium-sized leaves with green margins.

The arrow-shaped leaves with this color variation enhance the overall beauty even more.

This is a non-vining plant, which means it is a compact variety that is ideal for growing as ground cover.

This rare cultivar needs partial sun to thrive.

Because these Syngonium podophyllum “Holly” cannot withstand winter or frost, you should keep them warm indoors.

The moderate humidity level is alright. Water them regularly to make sure that they don’t wilt.

You can add slow-release fertilizers during the early spring to boost their growth rate.

Syngonium Podophyllum’ Maria Allusion’

Syngonium Podophyllum’ Maria Allusion’

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Maria Allusion’ is a unique cultivar of the Allusion variety. It comes up with reddish-green foliage with coppery pink veins.

This vibrant combination of colors makes this variety a mesmerizing one for growing indoors or outdoors. It is native to Latin American countries.

This plant is also known as “five fingers” or “Syngonium Maria.”

Like most other Syngonium varieties, this one has a compact nature.

Syngonium Maria plants thrive under low light conditions, but they love to grow under partial sun.

Exposure to the direct sun for a prolonged period can cause leaf burn. This low-maintenance plant needs a warm temperature and moderate humidity.

For decorating purposes, you may grow it in small pots. The water is gentle and regular. To encourage new growth, you can prune quite often.

Syngonium Podophyllum’ Mottled Mojito’

Syngonium Podophyllum’ Mottled Mojito’

Syngonium podophyllum, mottled ‘Mojito,’ is another amazing arrowhead plant with arrow-shaped light green leaves with deep green spots.

Since this species has a climbing nature, you may grow it in hanging baskets with the support of moss or bamboo sticks. Keep this species away from your pets and children.

This arrowhead vine needs indirect but bright sun, although it tolerates low light conditions for a few days.

Remember that this is a variegated species, which needs more light for food production.

Moderate humidity is fine, but this arrowhead plant will grow well under high humidity. Apply slow-release fertilizer during the spring to encourage new growth.

Syngonium Podophyllum’ Pink Allusion’

Syngonium Podophyllum’ Pink Allusion’

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Pink Allusion’ or Pink Syngonium is a popular variety with pink and green leaves.

This hardy American evergreen is native to Mexico, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, and the West Indies. This plant may reach around 3 to 6 feet tall and 2 feet wide.

The only problem is the calcium oxalate found in all the parts of this species. So, you must keep your children and pets away from it.

Pink Allusion thrives well under indirect sunlight. Low light will cause leaf fall, and the intense sun will burn the leaves.

Warm temperatures with moderate humidity levels are acceptable. Water these plants regularly to make sure that there is sufficient moisture.

Don’t make the soil completely wet. You can prune this plant to maintain a compact shape from time to time.

Use slow-release fertilizer during the growing season to encourage the growth rate.

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Pixie’

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Pixie’

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Pixie’ is an attractive species of Syngonium variety. This plant has creamy white and green variegation with a deep green edge.

This vining plant needs to be pruned quite often to maintain a compact shape. Ideally, this adorable dwarf plant grows 8 to 10 inches tall.

Alternatively, this arrowhead vine cultivar is also known as the Goosefoot plant. You may either plant it in hanging baskets or small pots.

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Pixie’ prefers bright but indirect sunlight. The temperature should be maintained at 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit.

These cultivars cannot tolerate frost, so make sure you move them to a warm location during the winter months.

A moderate humidity level (50-60%) seems alright, but they grow best when the humidity level is high.

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Strawberry Cream’

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Strawberry Cream’

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Strawberry Cream’ is another striking and unique variety of Syngonium.

It has beautiful light green and pink leaves with green stems, and due to the pink color combination, this plant is considered the best leaf color.

This pink-painted arrow plant is native to tropical forests and grows up to 30 inches. You may either prune it or let it grow along a pole.

Syngonium’ Strawberry Cream’ enjoys growing in indirect sun. If you want to maintain its variegation, you need to control this light intensity.

Warm temperatures and moderate humidity levels are regarded as ideal environmental conditions.

Soil should be evenly moist and well-drained because a waterlogged condition will cause root rot.

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Trileaf Wonder’

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘Trileaf Wonder’

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Trileaf Wonder’ is a fast-growing variety with low plant care.

This plant will add a beautiful jungle vibe to your indoor garden if you can properly maintain it.

It has solid green foliage. As these plants mature, the leaves become wider.

Like the other Syngonium podophyllum, this one has a vining nature.

To maintain a bush shape, you can top-dress during the early spring.

The Trileaf Wonder variety needs partial shade areas to thrive. Keep the plant near an east-facing window.

Warm temperatures and moderate humidity levels are considered suitable for growing this plant.

You should water it often to ensure the growing medium is evenly moist. The soil should be well-drained.

So, avoid using clay soil for preparing the potting mix. Remember that saturated conditions will damage the roots.

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘White Butterfly’

Syngonium Podophyllum ‘White Butterfly’

The White Butterfly Syngonium is another popular and, undoubtedly, excellent variety of the Syngonium genus.

This arrowhead plant has a deep green to cream variation. This one is also a fast grower.

As the plant matures, the green foliage becomes whiter and looks more incredible.

You can find this plant in semi-tropical regions. The white butterfly may reach up to 2 feet tall.

These plants don’t enjoy bright conditions. So, keeping them near a south-facing window isn’t a good idea.

Warm temperatures (60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit) are good for them. If you live in the arid regions, water them regularly.

The potting mix should be well-drained. You can propagate the plant using stem cuttings. Topdressing will encourage new growth.

Syngonium Podophyllum’ Neon Robusta’

Syngonium Podophyllum’ Neon Robusta’

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Neon Robusta’ is one of the most attractive varieties of Syngonium.

It looks stunning, mainly because of its pink leaves, making this plant the best pink indoor plant.

If you are searching for a unique houseplant to grow, we strongly recommend you go for this one.

This fast-growing plant has heart-shaped leaves and is very easy to grow. This is not a compact variety but a trailing plant.

Syngonium podophyllum ‘Neon Robusta’ prefers partial sun to thrive. Temperatures should not be too low because this plant cannot tolerate a low temperature.

High humidity is selected, and you can use a humidifier to increase the humidity level. Water them often and make sure that the potting mix is evenly moist.

Other Types of Syngonium Plants

Syngonium Auritum

Syngonium Auritum

Syngonium auritum is another American evergreen trailer plant that spreads pretty quickly.

This arrowhead vine has dark green foliage, and this species is often referred to as the Philodendron plant.

This climbing species can reach up to 10 feet tall.

Like most other Syngonium varieties, this is an excellent groundcover found in a warm climate.

It prefers partially shaded areas or dappled sunlight. The temperature should be kept between 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit in a humid environment.

This plant prefers a moist soil condition. You should water it regularly based on your area’s temperature and evaporation rate.

Fertilize them with organic fertilizers because they release essential nutrients slowly over a more extended period.

Syngonium Chiapense

Syngonium Chiapense

Syngonium chiapense is another beautiful species of the Syngonium genus and comes up with dark green leaves with a rubbery texture.

These indoor arrowhead vine plants have medium-sized leaves.

Due to the similar appearance and large leaves, many people confuse it with other Philodendron plants. This species doesn’t produce blooms year-round.

This species of Syngonium tolerates low light conditions but enjoys dappled sunlight. So, make sure that you place them near an east-facing window.

A moderate temperature and a moderately humid environment are recommended.

If you can take care of this species properly, it will be a great plant. Fertilize it with slow-release organic fertilizer.

Syngonium Erythrophyllum ‘Llano Carti Road’

Syngonium Erythrophyllum ‘Llano Carti Road’

This species is a relatively new variety of Syngonium and can be found in Panama and other South American countries.

This species comes up with dark chocolate and deep green leaves with a glossy texture.

Each leaf may reach up to 4 inches long. Due to its climbing nature, you can grow it with the support of a plant stand.

Although this plant tolerates full shade, it enjoys growing in indirect sun.

The ideal temperature ranges between 55 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit, with a 60–90% humidity level.

This variety has a high water requirement. So, maintain a consistent moisture level in the growing medium.

Syngonium Wendlandii

Syngonium Wendlandii

Syngonium wendlandii is also known as the Feng Shui plant, and anyone will fall in love with this variety because of its wonderful green leaves with white midrib.

This plant is also known as Silver Goosefoot because it has goose feet-like juvenile foliage.

This cultivar originates mainly in the tropical areas of South and Central America.

Like the other Syngonium, this one also removes toxins from the indoor air.

The ideal light intensity for growing these plants is an indirect but bright sun.

The temperature should be maintained between 50 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit, and the humidity should be 60-80%.

This plant needs average watering. Just make sure that the soil isn’t too dry. Apply slow-release organic fertilizers like worm casts once every 14 days.

Syngonium Plant Care Guide

Syngonium plants are pretty easy to grow because of their fewer requirements.

You only have to ensure that these plants receive favorable light, water, temperature, and humidity. In this section, we will discuss their basic demands.

Light

Light for Syngonium Plants

Syngonium plants grow well even under low light conditions. If you can provide them with bright indirect sunlight, they will grow fast and maintain their vibrant colors.

Exposure to prolonged sunlight for a longer period will burn their leaves. They will be fine if you can manage artificial light for these varieties.

Always keep rotating them to ensure that every part receives an equal amount of sunlight. Try placing them near an east-facing window.

Temperature and Humidity

Arrowhead vines grow well if the temperature is maintained between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Temperature and humidity are two important factors for growing Syngonium varieties.

If the temperature drops below 50 degrees Fahrenheit, they may face problems. Remember to place them away from cold drafts and doorways when it is winter.

A moderate humidity level is ideal for growing arrowhead plants. Average humidity should be between 40 and 50% for these plants, but most indoor plants prefer growing in a highly humid environment.

Soil

Soil for Syngonium Plants

Syngonium should be grown in soil that is well-drained and not too heavy.

To prepare an ideal potting mix for growing Syngonium indoor plants, you need to mix organic and inorganic materials.

Use coco peat, peat moss, vermicompost, and other organic matter. Use pumice, perlite, or vermiculite as inorganic materials—mix 50% of these materials with 50% of the soil.

Avoid using heavy clay soil because clay soil causes waterlogged conditions.

Water

Watering Syngonium Plants

Arrowhead plants prefer moist, not soggy, soil conditions, so water your Syngonium plant when the top portion of the soil dries out.

Also, don’t let the soil stay wet for too long, because a lack of oxygen in the root system will cause root rot. Slowly, the leaves will start to turn brown and then black.

If you notice these symptoms, quickly apply water and ensure that the potting medium is evenly moist.

Fertilizer

Arrowhead vines can survive well without regular fertilization, but it is recommended that you apply fertilizer once a month for healthy growth.

During the growing season, apply liquid fertilizer once every month. You can also top-dress with worm casts or compost.

Research says that when sawdust and vermicompost are mixed, the height, leaf size, and area of plants grow [1].

Other General Tips on Growing Syngonium

  • Grow these arrowhead plants in hanging baskets.
  • Prune them often to maintain a bushy shape.
  • Propagate the cutting in water because these plants grow roots very quickly.

Common Syngonium Diseases

Common Syngonium diseases are caused by fungal or bacterial pathogens and can lead to root rot, leaf drop, and reduced growth.

Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for successful plant recovery.

Below are some of the most common plants diseases to be aware of.

Bacterial blight and stem rot:

You will notice dark green spots on the leaves. This disease gives the leaves a tattered appearance. When the stems get infected, the lower leaves die.

Bacterial leaf spot:

When this disease infects your indoor Syngonium species, you will notice translucent spots at the edges, and the margins will become bright yellow or dull green.

Myrothecium leaf spot

Leaves will have dark brown or tan spots with concentric ring structures. Wet and moist conditions induce the production of other foliar pathogens, and the disease can be held in check by using protective fungicides used to control these pathogens.

FAQ

Is Syngonium Plants good for indoors?

Yes, syngonium plants are good for indoors. Plants such as Syngonium are low-maintenance plants that are well-suited to indoor environments. Because of the silvery white, green, or pink variegation on its dark-green leaves, this plant is a very good addition to home décor and office settings. 

Do Syngonium plants Purify the air?

Yes, Syngonium plants can purify indoor air. Syngonium plants are not only great looking houseplants, but they can also purify the air and like air filters. Indoor air pollution can be reduced by these plants, including volatile organic compounds like xylene, toluene, formaldehyde, and benzene.

Does Syngonium Plants Grow in water?

Yes, you can grow syngonium plants in water. In the same way that lucky bamboo can grow in water, you can easily grow the Arrowhead Plant in water as well. You can grow them in vases and containers for a long time. As a houseplant, Syngonium is one of the best. It has lovely arrow-shaped leaves and smooth stems. A plant like this can be a good addition to a shade garden or a home as it thrives in indirect light. 

Can Syngonium Plants grow in low light?

Yes, syngonium plants grow in low light. The arrowhead plant thrives in indirect, bright light but also does well in medium to low light. They do not enjoy being in direct sunlight. If you only have medium to low light available, one of the deeper green cultivars may be a better choice.

Conclusion

Syngonium plants (arrowhead vine) are excellent indoor houseplants.

Each Syngonium type has a unique assortment of leaf colors, ranging from light green leaves to dark green leaves with coppery pink veins.

These color combinations indeed increase their beauty even more.

These low-maintenance plants may be grown either in your bedroom or even in your living room.

They only have to make sure that the light intensity, temperature, humidity level, and soil moisture are alright.

References

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