Philodendron Brasil: Variegated Heart Leaf Philodendron Plant Care

What is a Philodendron Brasil Plant?

The Philodendron hederaceum ‘Brasil’ (most commonly known as the Philodendron Brasil, or the Brazilian Philodendron) is a tropical plant from South America in the Araceae family.

Philodendron Brasil has dark green heart-shaped leaves that look lovely drooping over a hanging pot—the variegated leaves often take a colorful twist and display a cream-colored streak in the middle of the leaf.

Due to the resemblance to the Brazilian flag with its lime green variegation, it got its common name as the Philodendron Brasil. Because the Philodendron Brasil is a trailing plant, new growth will spread out widely.


Like other plants with similar viny growth patterns, this natural beauty is frequently planted with a moss pole to encourage it to grow upwards.

Although the Philodendron Brasil is a very forgiving plant, it does have some requirements. Let’s go over the care requirements for your Philodendron to ensure it’s happy and healthy.

How to Care for a Brasil Philodendron?

Temperature and Climate

Philodendron Brasil grows very well as an indoor plant. Originating from Central America, it cannot tolerate the cold temperatures of the winter months outside.

Be sure to keep these indoor plants away from any windows or doors that give cold drafts in the winter months (especially if they are sitting exposed in a hanging basket).

Philodendron can be grown outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 10 and higher.

You can use a lovely post to encourage the plant to grow upwards if you don’t want it to spread laterally.

Like many houseplants, the Philodendron Brasil loves humidity.

It will do great in most indoor environments—though leaf size will increase in high-humidity areas, such as the bathroom.

If you notice any dry or dead leaves, the plant is probably exposed to too much dry air.

Consider misting the plant, putting a pebble tray underneath the pot, or moving it to an area with less dry air—especially during the spring and summer.


The Philodendron Brasil definitely responds well to some natural light and direct sun.

More light will result in more leaf growth, so consider putting these plants next to sunny windows.


Although it does appreciate direct sunlight, the Philodendron can receive too much light if it is in full sun all day.

It is best to find a sweet spot of some direct sun and indirect sunlight throughout the day. The Philodendron will also do fine in low-light areas; it will just grow at a slower rate.

Growing the Philodendron outdoors, you should be more cautious of light conditions.

Place your plant in areas that receive bright indirect light throughout the day—direct sunlight in the afternoon may damage your plant in the spring and summer months.


The Philodendron Brasil can have a watering schedule of around once per week.

Feel the soil moisture every couple of days and increase the number of waterings if it is often completely dry.

You want to keep the soil moist, but you don’t want excess water to create disease.

Water when the plant has dry soil, and be sure to have the plant in a pot with a drainage hole so that extra water can leak out.

For outdoor growing of Philodendron, you will need to water more often, especially if it is in the sun’s rays for hours of the day.

You don’t ever want the soil to become bone dry. Although this plant is very forgiving, inconsistent watering may cause outdoor plants to suffer, resulting in dry or dead leaves.

Worried about overwatering your plant? We suggest you plant your philodendrons and other houseplants in this self-watering pot. There’s no need to worry about overwatering and thus preventing root rot.

Unique 10" Self-Watering, Aerating, High Drainage Plant Pot with Deep Saucer (10 Inch,...
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Rich soil with lots of organic matter will turn the Philodendron Brasil into a fast grower.

You may also apply a balanced fertilizer once per month to promote dark, healthy foliage. Well-draining soil is necessary to prevent diseases.

Consider using potting soil with sand or peat moss mixed in or putting about an inch of pebbles at the bottom of the pot—with this method.

You will want to increase the pot size to have enough space for nutrient-dense soil.

If you have poor soil, the Philodendron may sprout aerial roots searching for more nutrients.

This aerial root will eventually turn brown and die, but it signifies that your potting soil needs more nutrients.

If you’re looking to get some fresh potting soil, we always rely on is this houseplant potting soil. It’s inexpensive and it simply works for our indoor plants.

Miracle-Gro Houseplant Potting Mix: Fertilized, Perlite Soil for Indoor Gardening,...
  • Growing indoors is easy under the right conditions; Miracle-Gro Houseplant...
  • Recommended for growing beautiful indoor houseplant varieties like Pothos,...
  • This indoor plant soil is less prone to gnats, thanks to the combination of...


Water propagation is the easiest method for starting new Philodendron Brasil plants. Make stem cuttings—at least 4-6 inches in length—and place them in water.

Keep in a bright, humid area out of sunlight for one week. When tiny root tendrils emerge, you can plant the stem cuttings into rich, well-draining potting soil.

Be sure to water the young regularly and keep them in an area with indirect light. New growth and leaves will begin to form shortly.

Common Pests and Diseases

Common Philodendron Brasil problems include root rot and some leaf diseases.

These occurrences are pretty rare and are usually due to excessive watering or poor-draining soil.

If you notice discolored or yellow leaves, be sure to cut the diseased foliage off immediately and clean the area with soap and water.

Check the soil and consider adding more drainage holes, watering less frequently, or moving the plant to a sunnier spot.


How do you care for a Brasil Philodendron?

Philodendron hederaceum ‘Brasil’ (commonly known as Philodendeons Brasil) plants are generally very easy to care for and require little maintenance. Philodendron Brasil plant care begins with finding a suitable location. They like to be kept in moist conditions and generally require indirect sunlight; they do not tolerate direct sunlight well. Philodendron Brasil likes to be watered once per week, and the soil should be allowed to dry between waterings. Philodendrons thrive in warm, humid conditions, growing best as houseplants. 

Are Brasil Philodendrons rare?

Brasil Philodendrons or Heart leaf philodendron plants were once uncommon, but they are no longer so and are very simple to get, particularly in your local gardening center or even online.

Is Brasil plant a Pothos or Philodendron?

The Brasil plant (or Philodendron Brasil) is a Philodendron. One easy way to distinguish between these two is by their leaf texture. Philodendrons often have heart-shaped leaves that are thinner and softer, while Pothos often have leaves that are thicker and waxier.


Philodendron Brazil plants are low-maintenance and make an excellent addition to any office or home. They require a lot of water but can also withstand dry spells, making them ideal for those who frequently forget to water their plants.

Philodendrons also thrive in direct sunlight, so place them in a location where they will receive at least several hours of direct sunlight each day. Your Philodendron Brasil plant will bring life and color to any room it inhabits with just a little TLC!  

Other Philodendron Plants to Consider

Philodendron plants come in a variety of shapes and sizes, making them a popular houseplant choice. Here is a list of other Philodendron plants to consider for your home, office, or outdoor garden.


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