Table of Contents
- 1 Introduction
- 2 What is Perlite?
- 3 What is Pumice?
- 4 Benefits of Using Perlite and Pumice
- 5 Perlite vs. Pumice Comparison
- 6 FAQ
- 7 Conclusion
- 8 References
Pumice vs. perlite, when do you use either one?
Both are excellent soil amendments in hydroponic gardening.
Outside of hydroponics, many gardeners mix these pebble-like materials with potting soil to improve soil drainage.
Furthermore, pumice and perlite are favorite choices among succulent lovers because these materials do not retain excess water, which can cause root rot.
Root rot is a precursor to the death of the plant.
Other than root rot, drainage problems in soil cause waterlogged conditions that can further cause fungal infections in the root system.
That’s why plants rooted in these soils can be susceptible to diseases and may die because of severe infections.
However, many growers and gardeners often get confused when choosing between perlite and pumice because they do not know the basic differences.
In this blog post, we will discuss the characteristics of perlite and pumice and contrast their differences.
- Different Types of Hydroponic Growing Mediums
- Perlite vs. Vermiculite – Which Growing Medium is Better?
What is Perlite?
Perlite, also called sponge rock, is a mineral that is made mainly from volcanic glass.
It contains around 70% silicon dioxide and other minerals, such as potassium oxide, sodium oxide, aluminum oxide, and iron oxide.
In nature, the combination of these minerals can be recognized by their colors, which can be either black or dark gray.
However, before the perlite can become a usable gardening material, the raw perlite is processed with pressure and heat above 1700-degrees Fahrenheit.
This process continues until the minerals burst and expands up to 15 times more than their initial volume.
Before this heating process, the colors of perlite are generally blue, green, red, gray, or brown.
The final product looks like whitish porous balls. You might recognize perlite by the white specs that are in your potting soil.
There are three basic sizes of processed perlite – coarse, medium, and fine. Obviously, you should choose the size based on what you need.
Some gardeners have a mixture of all three sizes in their potting soil.
However, perlite is predominately used in hydroponics gardening or a succulent soil mix. The reason is that perlite improves the aeration capacity of the soil.
The downside of perlite is the fine particles that it creates. The perlite dust can be problematic and unhealthy for your respiratory system .
If you are handling a large amount of perlite, wear a mask to protect yourself from the fine particles of perlite.
There are many advantages to the use of perlite, which are:
- Available in various sizes
- Enhances air circulation and aeration of other growing medias
While there are about a handful of advantages of perlite, there is also a disadvantage to it:
- Creates harmful dust particles
What is Pumice?
Like perlite, pumice is also an ideal soil additive and comes from volcanic rock. It is a naturally lightweight rock.
Pumice is different from perlite minerals because it is a lightweight, porous rock that forms after the rapid cooling of the lava after explosive volcanic eruptions.
When the lava begins to cool, its chemical properties change, entrapping tiny gas bubbles that dissolve.
This combination of cooling and chemical change creates a lightweight porous mineral rock called pumice. Hence, its other name: solidified rock foam.
This soil amendment is dark gray to white in its natural state, depending on where the pumice was mined from.
The mining process is considered environmentally friendly because pumice mining does not require any destructive processes, like blasting.
Alternative Uses of Pumice
Many growers use horticultural pumice as a mulching material, also known as top-dressing, to decorate the gardens.
With its aerating properties, pumice provides air circulation in most types of soils.
Pumice also has insulating characteristics and thus is used in construction.
Now that you know more about pumice, you may be wondering what the advantages of using pumice might bring to your garden.
- Environmentally friendly
- Less processing
- Lightweight (but does not blow away)
- Solve drainage issues
The use of pumice only comes with a few disadvantages, but they aren’t as troublesome as some might think.
- More expensive than perlite
- Not available always
Benefits of Using Perlite and Pumice
- Both pumice and perlite increase soil aeration and decrease the risk of waterlogging.
- These materials are ideal for growing succulents and cactus plants or for establishing a project like fairy gardens. You can use them in any type of soil mixes.
- These amendments do not retain water. That’s why they can be used with other materials like coco coir and peat moss to balance water retention and drainage.
Due to their common benefits, it is quite hard to determine the best one to use.
In this next section, we compare the major differences between perlite and pumice.
Perlite vs. Pumice Comparison
- Pumice is heavier, and thus, they do not blow away by storms or winds, unlike perlite, which has a lighter weight.
- You may use pumice to increase the weight of potted plants that may trip over during a storm.
- Pumice is more expensive than perlite.
- Perlite can be found in the local garden center, but pumice is not widely available.
- Pumice is larger in size and has a white to dark gray color. While perlite can be of various sizes, and the colors can range from dark gray to black.
This perlite vs. pumice may give you an idea about the overall characteristics of these two growing mediums.
Which Is the Better Growing Media to Use?
These two garden soil amendments are great to grow any succulents and to enhance garden soil drainage.
Both perlite and pumice can be used in the soils to improve oxygen levels.
Pumice can be used in sandy soils as it can increase the water-holding capacity of the soil.
Further, pumice can also be used in clay soils, which are notoriously known for having poor-draining soil.
Pumice particles are heavier, so you can use them in windy areas. In addition to their practical features, you can also use them as decorative stones.
Finally, the processing of pumice is environmentally friendlier than perlite.
In contrast, perlite can be used in light mixes or potting soils. Also, you can use it in the garden.
However, it would be best to take precautions as the perlite dust can be dangerous for your respiratory system.
With the pros and cons analyzed, we would recommend using pumice over perlite.
Is pumice better than perlite?
Both of them are good, but pumice is better to use in sandy soils.
Can I substitute pumice for perlite for growing plants?
Yes, you can substitute one for another as they have similar functions as a growing media and soil amendment.
What can be substituted for perlite?
You can use bark, coco coir, peat moss, rice husks, vermiculite, calcined clay, and granite gravel as alternatives materials to perlite.
Both pumice and perlite can be used to improve the soil drainage system of the garden.
You can grow plants like the snake plant, aloe vera, jade plant, and other cactus species.
Pumice and perlite can effectively solve any drainage issues in your garden soil.
These soil amendments may not increase the water holding capacity of the soil like other materials, such as coco peat, vermiculite, or peat moss.
Still, they can solve many problems in your garden.
-  Maxim et al. 2014. Perlite toxicology and epidemiology – a review. Inhalation Toxicology, 26(5): 259-270.
- Altland, J. E., Owen, J. S., & Gabriel, M. Z. 2011. Influence of Pumice and Plant Roots on Substrate Physical Properties Over Time, HortTechnology hortte, 21(5), 554-557.
- Hill, T., 2005. Plant Growth Media and Fertilizer in the Nursery. Univerity of Washington College of Forest Resources
Lindsey Hyland grew up in Arizona where she studied at the University of Arizona’s Controlled Environment Agriculture Center. She continued her gardening education by working on organic farms in both rural and urban settings. She started UrbanOrganicYield.com to share gardening tips and tactics. She’s happy to talk about succulents and houseplants or vegetables and herbs – or just about anything in a backyard garden or hydroponics garden.