Table of Contents
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Types of Anthurium Plants
- 2.1 Anthurium Amnicola
- 2.2 Anthurium Andraeanum
- 2.3 Anthurium Balaoanum
- 2.4 Anthurium Bakeri
- 2.5 Anthurium Brownii
- 2.6 Anthurium Bonplandii
- 2.7 Anthurium Bullatus
- 2.8 Anthurium Clarinervium
- 2.9 Anthurium Clavigerum
- 2.10 Anthurium Coriaceum
- 2.11 Anthurium Crystallinum
- 2.12 Anthurium Cutucuense
- 2.13 Anthurium Dorayaki
- 2.14 Anthurium Faustomirandae
- 2.15 Anthurium Forgetii
- 2.16 Anthurium Gracile
- 2.17 Anthurium Hookeri
- 2.18 Anthurium Jenmanii
- 2.19 Anthurium Luxurians
- 2.20 Anthurium Magnificum
- 2.21 Anthurium Plowmanii
- 2.22 Anthurium Scherzerianum
- 2.23 Anthurium Superbum
- 2.24 Anthurium Warocqueanum
- 2.25 Anthurium Watermaliense
- 3 Anthurium Plant Care Guide
- 4 FAQ
- 5 Conclusion
- 6 References
Anthurium plants are exotic-looking gorgeous houseplants with glossy, large leaves and wonderful waxy flowers.
The name, Anthurium, has derived from the Greek words anthos means flower, and oura means tail.
There are more than 1000 distinctive species of Anthurium, and the most common species is the Anthurium andraeanum.
The plants belonging to the Anthurium genus have many names, including flamingo lily, flamingo flower, oilcloth flower, boy flower, laceleaf, or tail flower.
These plants are popular mainly because of their flowers and bright heart-shaped leaves. The colorful leaves attract pollinators and insects.
The blooms intermittently appear throughout the entire year and last for six to eight weeks.
The shiny flowers come in a wide range of colors, including burgundy, green, yellow, orange, white, red, and pink.
Although Anthurium plants are mainly grown for their shiny flowers, some species are grown for their catchy foliage.
Anthurium plants are called air plants or epiphytes, which grow on other plants or organic materials.
As a houseplant, Anthurium species are considered sturdy as they can survive with little care.
According to the research, these plants contain calcium oxalate, making them poisonous for humans and animals .
Related post: Other Types of Houseplants to Grow
Types of Anthurium Plants
Anthurium amnicola is the most popular type of Anthurium indoor plant.
This species comes up with many varieties, including Anthurium amnicola var. dressler, Anthurium amnicola var. tulip, etc.
This plant can be a great addition to any garden because its wonderful tulip-shaped purple and pink petals create a dramatic scenario.
During its blooming period, it produces long-lasting, bright-colored flowers.
Anthurium amnicola grows best under bright light and warm temperatures. Keep the soil moist evenly as this plant prefers moist conditions.
Don’t let the topsoil dry, or the plant will drop the leaves.
Also, don’t overwater the soil because soggy soil can cause root rot. So, make sure that the potting mix has a sound drainage system.
The humidity level should be maintained at around 60-80%.
Anthurium andraeanum is another flamingo flower plant species that is mainly found in Ecuador and Colombia.
This plant has large heart-shaped leaves with red flowers.
Remember that this species is toxic to both animals and humans, and the sap may cause severe skin irritation.
You can cut attractive flowers and can use them for decorating purposes.
This Anthurium grows well under indirect light. Remember that too much sunlight can burn the leaves.
That’s why you should avoid them from placing under the direct light.
In addition to this, you should keep the soil evenly moist to maintain its beauty. Soggy soil can damage the roots by causing root rot.
You can mist the shiny leaves a few times per week or use a humidifier to increase humidity.
Anthurium balaoanum is an attractive variety of the Anthurium genus that has big velvety leaves. This plant is straightforward to grow in containers.
In the wild, it can reach approximately 30 meters, whereas, in a container, it can grow around only 2 meters tall.
Due to their climbing nature, you should always provide support for growing them.
This sturdy plant grows well in high humidity, but it can tolerate low humidity as well.
Try placing them near the sunny window that receives around 4-6 hours of bright light.
When grown outdoor, make sure that they don’t receive too much sun during the midday.
You have to take care of this plant carefully during the winter months, especially when the temperature falls below 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
This species of Anthurium is an epiphyte that can be found in moist tropical forests in South America.
One can easily distinguish this variety by its lance-shaped and long green-colored leaves.
The flowers have a creamy white color. The plant keeps providing flowers during the summer months, which are considered their growing season.
Like the other varieties, it prefers indirect light, well-drained potting mix, and high humidity.
To increase their blooms and overall growth, you should apply balanced fertilizer during the spring and summer.
Also, you should water them gently to keep the soil moist. Remember that too much fertilizer can be toxic for them.
Anthurium brownii is native to Costa Rica and Columbia. If you live in a tropical region, then growing these plants can be straightforward for you.
Ruffled leaves can distinguish them with yellowish veins and long flowers.
Due to the ruffled edge on the leaves, you can easily identify them even in an overgrown garden. Like most other Anthuriums, this variety is also an epiphyte.
This sturdy plant is easy to grow because of its low demands. Place it in a spot that receives bright light.
Remember that direct midday sun can scorch the leaves and ruin their beauty—water this species when the topsoil seems a little dry.
Too much dryness can be harmful to them as they prefer moist conditions. You can propagate them by the rhizome dividing method.
Anthurium bonplandii is widely distributed in the South American countries and Brazilian rainforest. This species is a popular one because of its monstrous leaves.
The stems can reach up to 20 cm long with a maximum of 4 cm diameter. The leaves are flat, broad, and large and have a glossy look.
During the earlier stage, the leaves have a dark color.
These plants are straightforward to grow. You only need to ensure sufficient light and sufficient water. Place them under a sunny location.
Moisture is another critical factor for growing them. It would be best if you often watered to moist the soil. Anthuriums prefer high humidity levels.
Therefore, you can use a humidifier to maintain their desired humidity.
Anthurium bullatus is a large variety of Anthurium genus with dark-green and large leaves. It can be a great addition to your indoor garden.
Unfortunately, this one is a rare species, which can be grown with minimum attention.
The beautiful primary part of this plant is its foliage that is lanceolate shaped. The leaves are leathery and thin.
While growing Anthurium bullatus, you have to be careful about their water demand. It prefers moist soil. So, you will need to water this plant once every few days.
The potting medium should be well-drained. For this, you need to use orchid mix and organic material to grow them. The ideal humidity level is considered 60%.
Anthurium clarinervium is one of the most stunning plants on our list.
The suede textured, thick, heart-shaped, and pale and dark green leaves have a fascinating vein pattern. Unfortunately, this plant is not for beginners.
But if you have good experience growing variegated plants and other Anthurium species, you can take a chance.
This Anthurium can grow up to 2 feet tall when grown in pots.
This Anthurium plant enjoys bright indirect light, but it can also tolerate low light for a few hours.
Direct sunlight can be dangerous as it can burn the leaves and damage the pattern. Therefore, it is best to grow this plant indoors.
Keep the soil evenly moist and maintain a humidity level of at least 50%, or the plant may lose its beauty.
Anthurium clavigerum is a large species of Anthurium genus.
This plant has incredibly more prominent, dark green, and finger-like leaves, growing up to 2 meters in width. The leaves are also riffled textured.
This climbing tree needs a totem or support to grow. This rare variety of Anthurium can be a great addition to your indoor garden.
This flamingo flower plant grows happily in a tropical environment. Keep them under the dappled or filtered sunlight or in semi-shaded areas.
Exposure to direct sunlight for a prolonged period can be harmful to them. The soil should stay moist evenly, not soggy.
The inundated condition will kill these beautiful plants by damaging the Anthurium roots.
Anthurium coriaceum is native to South America, and it is well known for its beautiful large paddle-like leaves.
The sub-velvety-textured leaves have special cells on their outer surface that help them absorb diffuse light.
In addition, these cells also allow them to shed the absorbed water efficiently.
An interesting fact about them is that the leaf color and growth rate will vary depending on how you maintain them.
You should these plants regularly to keep the soil moist. But you should abstain from applying excess water. Prepare a well-drained potting soil for growing them.
In this case, we suggest you use coarse materials, sand, and coco peat or peat moss.
Even in low light conditions, they can be happy, but placing them under bright indirect light is an excellent choice.
Anthurium crystallinum is a stunning variety on our list. There are several varieties of this species, but Anthurium crystallinum var.
Ace of Spade variety is considered the most popular. This Anthurium plant has large dark green leaves with white veins, which have increased the overall beauty of these specimen.
The heart-shaped leaves have a coppery color underside. These Anthuriums can be found in tropical forests.
Remember that they are poisonous plants as every part of them can irritate.
These species prefer to grow between the temperatures of 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
Ensure that you plant them in well-drained soil and keep them away from direct sunlight, which may ruin the wonderful variegation.
Also, try to maintain the humidity level around 70% or 80%. If you live in a hot climate, we suggest you mist the leaves.
Anthurium cutucuense has a unique trisect with bullate texture foliage that helps people identify it easily.
Like a few other Anthuriums, this variety is rare as it is hardly found in mountainous areas or forests. You will find this plant mainly in Ecuador.
Many people consider this species a difficult one to grow.
They grow well under the dappled sun and slightly acidic and well-drained soil.
To prepare the soil, you should use perlite, vermiculite, coco peat, sand, and other coarse materials. The temperature should be around 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
For growing this plant, focus on the humidity levels, which should be 70-80%. During the growing season, use balanced liquid fertilizer for fertilization.
Anthurium dorayaki is popular because of its diverse shape and vibrant colors. You will find two varieties of this species – non-flowering and flowering.
People prefer the latter for colorful and attractive Anthurium flowers, whereas the latter is popular because of its eye-catching, green, and lush foliage.
This plant enjoys growing under filtered sunlight.
Also, the temperature should be between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit, and the humidity level should be at least 70-80%.
Most importantly, this Anthurium plant prefers moist conditions. Therefore, you should water them often and shouldn’t allow the topsoil to dry out completely.
Anthurium faustomirandae is commonly known as the Faustino Giant Anthurium plant. This species is widespread because of its large, spade-like leaves.
Anthurium regale and this species look pretty similar, so people often fail to identify the right one.
Anthurium faustomirandae doesn’t give you a velvety touch, which you can feel in Anthurium regale.
This plant prefers growing under bright indirect light and in warm temperatures. Like the other plants, you should carefully maintain the humidity level.
Prepare a well-drained potting mix using an orchid mix, peat moss, coco peat, perlite, sand, and other coarse materials.
Water the plant and keep the soil moist. You can fertilize them using balanced fertilizer during their growing season (spring to summer).
Anthurium forgetii is a perfect indoor plant because it can increase the overall beauty of your indoor garden.
The green leaves with beautiful white veins give it a watermelon-like. This species is considered one of the best-looking varieties in the genus Anthurium.
It is native to the South American tropical forests.
Anthurium forgetii prefers growing in well-draining soil. Remember that this plant needs moist soil for growing.
So, you should mix peat moss, coco peat, vermiculite, and other materials with a high water retention capacity.
Keep them under the indirect light because the intense sun can ruin their beauty. Use organic fertilizers to boost flower production.
Anthurium gracile is another fascinating Anthurium species that produces catchy red berries.
These Anthuriums grow mainly in Peru, Guatemala, Southern Brazil, and Guianas. You can easily identify this plant by its red fruits and thick roots.
Due to its manageable size, you can grow it as a houseplant. The roots may grow long, so you should ensure that the pot is large enough to support them.
This plant should be placed in a warm spot and under dappled light. Remember that direct sunlight can inhibit their growth.
The ideal temperature range should be between 50 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit, and the humidity level should be nearly 60%.
Generally, they enjoy growing in high humidity. Avoid overwatering because it can damage the roots by causing root rot.
Anthurium hooker is commonly known as bird’s nest Anthurium, and it is a flowering plant.
This plant blooms in new flowers when it is appropriately managed and fertilized. This plant has dense roots, short internodes, and lance-like cataphylls.
The leaves’ petioles are either D-shaped or triangular. You should give it a tropical feeling to grow indoor.
This Anthurium plant needs to stay moist to grow happily. Place it under the bright indirect sunlight, and let the soil dry a little.
Never overwater these plants as overwatering can kill them by causing root rot. You should prepare a well-draining soil mixture for growing this plant in a pot.
For this, you can use peat moss or other materials that can retain soil moisture perfectly.
Anthurium jenmanii is another rare plant on our list. This plant can grow large if you can adequately take care of it and give it a massive space for growing.
The most attractive part of this variety is the foliage. These plants increase the beauty of the indoor garden. They are native to the tropical rainforest.
This specimen loves higher humidity. Therefore, we suggest you place them in the bathroom or kitchen. Dappled light works best for them.
This plant can survive well even if you stay away from your house for several days.
You can water them once a week, depending on the humidity level and soil moisture. Also, keep them away from the direct sun.
Anthurium luxurians are popular indoor plants because of their unique deep green foliage.
People often misunderstand this variety with Anthurium splendidum due to their close resemblance.
Anthurium luxurians have shiny leaves that reflect light, which make them look greener and more vibrant.
Like the other Anthuriums, these plants can tolerate shady areas. Avoid overwatering as it can damage the roots.
For obtaining more blooms, you need to apply fertilizer high in phosphorus during the spring.
These plants will produce flowers year-round if you can take care of them properly. They prefer temperatures between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit.
Anthurium magnificum is a beautiful variety, which is native to South America.
This plant looks similar to the Philodendron species, but you can easily distinguish it by its leather-like larger leaves.
This is native to the tropical forests of South America. The most impressive part of this plant is the dark green leaves with white veins.
This Anthurium care is similar to the others. They bloom beautiful new flowers when supplied with more light and fertilizer high in phosphorus once in a few months.
The flowering process will accelerate if you can provide them with the right amount of light and water.
To prepare the potting mix, you may use additional sand. The ideal temperature range is between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
Anthurium plowmanii is known as tree climbers native to Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay. It is becoming more popular because of its foliage structure.
In the wild, it can grow enormous and grow on trees. The leaves can reach approximately 2 meters long in the forest, while the leaves can reach up to 2 feet in an indoor garden.
It would help if you planted this variety in a well-drained potting mix. We suggest you use peat moss, coco peat, perlite, pumice, and other coarse materials.
You can also use additional sand. The plant needs dappled sunlight, and the intensity should be maintained very carefully.
Intense sunlight or too much shade can damage the beauty of the leaves by turning the leaf tips yellow. Keep the soil evenly moist and avoid overwatering.
Anthurium scherzerianum is a popular tropical plant, and many people prefer growing this in their indoors. This plant is native to South American countries.
The most attractive part of this species is the flowers that are a heart-shaped and mesmerizing orange color.
You can also find orange, pink, or red spathes with lance-like green leaves.
This Anthurium care is similar to the other varieties. Remember that you can enhance its beauty by removing the dead or browned leaves.
Make sure that it receives plenty of dappled sunlight. Avoid placing them under the direct sun as it can damage the colors.
Water the plant thoroughly to keep the potting medium moist.
Anthurium superbum is native to South America and is commonly known as Anthurium Bird’s Nest plant. They can be a great addition to your indoor plants.
You can enjoy the lovely Anthurium flowers if the plants are adequately taken care of.
Bird’s nest Anthurium grows in the tropical region, where warmth and humidity are high.
Though this plant is a popular houseplant, many people grow it outdoor.
When grown outdoors, you should place it in a shady area that doesn’t receive direct sunlight for a prolonged period.
However, low light can slow down the growth of this Anthurium plant, producing fewer flowers in this condition.
A fertilizer high in phosphorus can be used for more blooms.
Anthurium warocqueanum is also known as the Queen Anthurium for its unique foliage shape and beauty. Those beautiful leaves can be 4 feet long.
We insist you plant this one in your garden if you have sufficient cash to buy it as this variety is quite expensive.
Remember that this Anthurium plant is picky when it is about light, water, and temperature.
The leaf tips of this plant can get yellow if there is an imbalance of light intensity. Remember that this plant grows well in bright indirect sunlight.
So, place the pot near a sunny window and make sure they don’t get direct sun.
Mix coco peat and peat moss with the soil in the container and give them a thorough watering when the potting medium seems dry.
The minimum and maximum temperature for them is 68 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit, respectively.
Anthurium watermaliense is often called black Anthurium, and it is well-reputed for its foliage and dark blooms.
Many people often grow this variety as a houseplant, but you can also plant it outdoors. When grown outdoors, this plant can grow a lot bigger.
We suggest you try planting this variety to enjoy the flowers.
These tail flower plants cannot tolerate too much sunlight under which they grow slower and produce fewer flowers.
Therefore, you should grow Anthurium watermaliense under a semi-shade spot.
To ensure new growth, you must supply sufficient water, the right amount of light, and temperature.
The pot should have drainage holes that can remove excessive moisture.
Anthurium Plant Care Guide
Anthurium plants are straightforward to grow because they don’t have too much demand.
In this section, we will discuss how one can take care of these plants. Remember that the requirements of these plants may vary slightly based on their variegation.
These indoor plants prefer growing under bright indirect light.
Avoid placing them under direct sunlight as direct exposure can damage the leaf variegation, and low light will slow their growth.
If you live in a cold region, then placing them under the direct sun can be alright.
Temperature and Humidity
In the wild, these species usually grow at more than 60 degrees Fahrenheit temperature.
The foliage prefers warmer temperatures, and if the temperature drops below 60 degrees F, the plants will start suffering and lose their beautiful leaves.
Hence, you should be careful about these plants during the winter months.
The ideal temperature range is considered between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Also, the humidity level should be maintained at a minimum of 80%.
If you live in a dry climate, we suggest using a humidifier or placing a pebble tray below the container.
Soil and Water
Prepare a well-draining potting mix for growing these indoor plants. You can use coarse materials and orchid mix.
The addition of sand, coco peat, and peat moss is also great because these materials will improve the drainage system of the potting soil.
It can be a good idea to provide them with a stake to support their growth.
Water and Fertilizer
Anthurium plant prefers to grow in moist soil. So, you should be careful about maintaining the moisture status of the soil.
Lack of sufficient soil moisture can result in brown tips of the leaves. Also, don’t apply too much water and create a soggy condition.
Anthurium roots will rot in saturated soil. To drain excess soil moisture, you can make a drainage hole beneath your pot.
You don’t have to fertilize them year-round. Apply balanced fertilizer during the spring and summer to encourage new growth.
Using liquid fertilizer is also safe. Remember that you should apply phosphorus enriched fertilizer to boost the flowering process as phosphorus promotes the development of new flowers.
Repotting and Propagation
Anthuriums need to be repotted once every two years. You must identify the perfect time for repotting these beautiful plants.
If you notice that the plant has reached around 2 feet long in a 5-inch diameter container, you should repot it.
People often give Anthurium to their beloved persons as a gift. If you also want to give this plant to someone, then you must know the propagation technique.
Moreover, you can also propagate these plants to increase their numbers in your garden.
For propagation, look for their offshoots. If you notice one, then you need to divide it carefully from the mother plant.
Remember that Anthuriums have aerial roots, which you can cut off without damaging the plants.
Is it easy to grow Anthurium indoor?
Yes, anthuriums are very easy to grow indoors. Anthurium maintenance and care are straightforward. If you follow a few simple guidelines and give the plant sunlight, water, and a few essential nutrients, It is a great houseplant in milder climates, but Anthurium plants are often used as landscape plants in USDA hardiness zones 10 and above.
Can Anthurium tolerate low shade?
Yes, these plants can tolerate low or semi-shade. For Anthuriums to thrive, it is necessary to provide anthuriums with partial shade or indirect light. Too much sunshine may cause them to burn, and not enough light can lead them to stop producing the spathes that give these plants such beauty. Side note, they are not tolerant of windy conditions when cultivated outdoors.
Can I propagate Anthurium plants by the stem cutting method?
Anthuriums cannot be grown solely from leaf cuttings; however, stem cuttings are very tough and tenacious. Depending on their size, you may either root them in water or other growing media such as perlite, or you can transplant them straight into general potting soil. These plants are slow growers, so be patient as the stem cuttings will often take several months to fully grow into a mature plant.
how often should you water anthurium Plants?
Anthurium houseplants need just a little to moderate quantity of water. Allowing the soil to dry between waterings is recommended. If you live in a hot climate, water your plants once every 2 to 3 days. However, if you live in an area with a wet climate, water your plants when the topsoil looks dry.
Are Anthuriums poisonous?
Yes, they are poisonous plants for animals and humans. The sword and heart-shaped leaves of the Anthurium plant, as well as the beautiful flower stem, contain calcium oxalate crystals, which may be very unpleasant if consumed. The sap is extremely irritating to the skin.
How can I get more blooms from the Anthurium plant?
The environment in which anthuriums grow is very important, and problems such as damp soil or inadequate sunlight might prevent them from flowering. If you want your anthurium to blossom, make sure it has enough indirect sunshine, adequate watering, sufficient humidity, and weekly feedings of diluted phosphorus-rich fertilizer.
To sum up, the Anthurium plant can be a great pick if you are a new gardener. Growing them is pretty easy for those who live in the tropical region.
However, if you live in an arid area, you must spend a little time on them.
Since they are mainly grown in a pot, you should be careful about their light and water demand.
At the same time, you should also focus on the potting medium that must be well-drained.
If your garden soil is heavy or clayey, we suggest you apply additional sand to the mixture.
In addition, you can fertilize every few months during their growing season. Anthuriums can beautify your indoor garden or landscape if you can meet their needs.
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- About/mentions: Anthurium, houseplant, horticulture
Lindsey Hyland grew up in Arizona where she studied at the University of Arizona’s Controlled Environment Agriculture Center. She continued her gardening education by working on organic farms in both rural and urban settings. She started UrbanOrganicYield.com to share gardening tips and tactics. She’s happy to talk about succulents and houseplants or vegetables and herbs – or just about anything in a backyard garden or hydroponics garden.